1. Family: Pinaceae Spreng. ex F.Rudolphi
    1. Genus: Picea A.Dietr.
      1. Picea abies (L.) H.Karst.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe.

    [EDGE]

    Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

    Conservation
    Picea abies is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -7.35, which places it in position 741 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 12.85, ranked 184. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Belgium, Connecticut, Denmark, Great Britain, Illinois, Ireland, Kentucky, Korea, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., Spain, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Picea abies (L.) H.Karst. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Deut. Fl.: 325 (1881)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Farjon, A. (2010). A handbook of the world's Conifers 2: 533-1111. BRILL, Leiden, Boston.
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Orchard, A.E. & McCarthy, P.M. (eds.) (1998). Flora of Australia 48: 1-766. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Tabak, N.M. (2011). Salvia glutinosa (Lamiaceae) naturalised in southeastern New York Rhodora. Journal of the New England Botanical Club 113: 220-224.
    • USDA, NRCS (2005- continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Orchard, A.E. & McCarthy, P.M. (eds.) (1998). Flora of Australia 48: 1-766. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    EDGE Gymnosperms
    EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0