1. Family: Pinaceae Spreng. ex F.Rudolphi
    1. Genus: Pinus L.
      1. Pinus echinata Mill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Central & E. U.S.A.

    [EDGE]

    Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

    Conservation
    Pinus echinata is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -8.11, which places it in position 890 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 6.03, ranked 589. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia

    Pinus echinata Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2012 Goldman, D.H. [3816], USA K000554698
    Feb 1, 2010 Palmer, E.J. [5153], USA K000340728
    Feb 1, 2010 Curtiss, A.H. [2658], USA K000340720
    Feb 1, 2010 Curtiss, A.H. [s.n.], USA K000340721
    Feb 1, 2010 Drummond, T. [324], USA K000340723
    Feb 1, 2010 Ahles, H.E. [53118], USA K000340727
    Feb 1, 2010 Sargent, C.S. [s.n.], USA K000340719
    Feb 1, 2010 Nash, G.V. [2238], USA K000340725
    Feb 1, 2010 Stevens, G.W. [2754], USA K000340717
    Feb 1, 2010 Ovrebo, R.T. [1282], USA K000340724
    Feb 1, 2010 Canby, W.M. [s.n.], USA K000340722
    Feb 1, 2010 Ward, L.F. [s.n.], USA K000340718
    Feb 1, 2010 Thompson, R.A. [400], USA K000340726

    First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 12 (1768)

    Accepted by

    • Farjon, A. (2010). A handbook of the world's Conifers 1: 1-526. BRILL, Leiden, Boston.
    • Herkert, J.R. & Ebinger, J.E. (eds.) (2002). Endangered and Threatened Species of Illinois: status and distribution 1: 1-161. Endangered species protection board, Springfield, Illinois.
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • (2009). U.S.D.A. Natural Resources Conservation Service. Plants Database http://plants.usda.gov/index.html.
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    EDGE Gymnosperms
    EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0