1. Family: Pinaceae Spreng. ex F.Rudolphi
    1. Genus: Pinus L.
      1. Pinus halepensis Mill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit.

    [EDGE]

    Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

    Conservation
    Pinus halepensis is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -8.02, which places it in position 861 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 6.59, ranked 493. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Corse, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Italy, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Canary Is., Free State, Madeira, New Zealand South, Portugal, South Australia, Victoria

    Pinus halepensis Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2012 Jongkind, C.C.H. [5123], Spain K000554714
    Oct 1, 2011 Heldreich, T.H.H. von [1300], Greece K000340574
    Sep 1, 2011 Jackson, A.K. [23bis], Croatia K000340602
    Sep 1, 2011 Jackson, A.K. [23], Croatia K000340603
    Sep 1, 2011 Davis, P.H. [40514], Greece K000553618
    Sep 1, 2011 leg. ign. [s.n.], Greece K000340593
    Sep 1, 2011 Sintenis, P.E.E. [460], Greece K000340606
    Dec 1, 2009 Lotan, R. [Piha0701101007], Israel K000553912
    Nov 1, 2009 Hepper, F.N. [12016], Lebanon K000553617
    Nov 1, 2009 Davis, P.H. [39321], Greece K000340583
    Nov 1, 2009 Davis, P.H. [47839], Greece K000340585
    Nov 1, 2009 Davis, P.H. [s.n.], Lebanon K000553649
    Nov 1, 2009 Davis, P.H. [49572], Libya K000553707
    Nov 1, 2009 Chick, H.G. [2562A], Greece K000340575
    Nov 1, 2009 Hill, A.W. [2564], Greece K000340576
    Nov 1, 2009 Hill, A.W. [2567], Greece K000340580
    Nov 1, 2009 Hill, A.W. [2565], Greece K000340581
    Nov 1, 2009 Hill, A.W. [2568], Greece K000340582
    Nov 1, 2009 Hill, A.W. [2571], Greece K000340584
    Nov 1, 2009 Hill, A.W. [2566], Greece K000340586
    Nov 1, 2009 Hill, A.W. [2697], Greece K000340587
    Nov 1, 2009 Hill, A.W. [2572], Greece K000340588
    Nov 1, 2009 Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Israel K000553610
    Nov 1, 2009 Rodger, A. [623], Greece K000340579
    Nov 1, 2009 Atchley, S.C. [487], Greece K000340578
    Nov 1, 2009 Meyers, F.S. [323], Jordan K000553606
    Nov 1, 2009 Khairallah, S. [LEB168], Lebanon K000553697
    Nov 1, 2009 Breidy, J. [LEB188], Lebanon K000553616
    Nov 1, 2009 Kotschy, T. [440], Jordan K000553611
    Nov 1, 2009 Kotschy, T. [363], Lebanon K000553648
    Nov 1, 2009 Grizi, A. [501], Israel K000553607
    Nov 1, 2009 Mattfeld, J. [2838], Greece K000340572
    Nov 1, 2009 Grant, M.O. [s.n.], Greece K000340577
    Oct 1, 2009 Drummond, R.B. [907], France K000340545
    Oct 1, 2009 Brummitt, R.K. [4687], Italy K000340543
    Oct 1, 2009 Bourgeau, E. [884], Spain K000340541
    Oct 1, 2009 Bourgeau, E. [s.n.], Spain K000340569
    Oct 1, 2009 Meebold, A. [s.n.], Italy K000340546
    Oct 1, 2009 Pin, C. [s.n.], France K000340548
    Oct 1, 2009 Rigo, G. [s.n.], Italy K000340547
    Oct 1, 2009 Edmonds, M.E. [71], Spain K000340567
    Oct 1, 2009 St.-Lager, J.B. [s.n.], Spain K000340570
    Oct 1, 2009 Alexander, R.C. [s.n.], Croatia K000340565
    Oct 1, 2009 Alexander, R.C. [s.n.], Croatia K000340566
    Oct 1, 2009 Huter, E. [889], Spain K000340568
    Oct 1, 2009 Loschnigg, V. [s.n.], Yugoslavia K000340564
    Oct 1, 2009 Roivanen, H. [s.n.], Spain K000340540
    Oct 1, 2009 Porta, [?] [204], Italy K000340544
    Oct 1, 2009 Porta, [?] [74], Spain K000340571
    Jan 1, 2007 Davis, P.H. [50148], Libya K000288032
    Jan 1, 2007 Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Morocco K000288038
    Jan 1, 2007 Gandoger, M. [76], Tunisia K000288035
    Jan 1, 2007 Cosson, E. [s.n.], Tunisia K000288036
    Jan 1, 2007 Romain, C. [1700], Algeria K000288034
    Jan 1, 2007 Pampanini, R. [111], Libya K000288033
    Jan 1, 2007 Karamanli, K.e.l. [903], Libya K000288037
    Sep 28, 1935 Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Lebanon K000315755
    Jan 1, 1911 Meyers, F.S. [J323], Jordan K000315758
    Davis, P.H. [D.26642], Turkey K000315756
    s.coll. [s.n.], Lebanon K000315757
    Lauria, F. [2005-11], Italy K000553906
    Mattfeld, J. [2140], Greece K000340573

    First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 8 (1768)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cantero, J.J. & al. (2016). Novedades para la flora de la Argentina Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 51: 183-207.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Farjon, A. (2010). A handbook of the world's Conifers 1: 1-526. BRILL, Leiden, Boston.
    • Mateos, M.A. & Valdés, B. (2009). Catálogo de la flora vascular del Rif occidental calizo (N de Marruecos). I Selaginellaceae - Rosaceae Lagascalia 29: 105-257.
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Orchard, A.E. & McCarthy, P.M. (eds.) (1998). Flora of Australia 48: 1-766. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cantero, J.J. & al. (2016). Novedades para la flora de la Argentina Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 51: 183-207.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Farjon, A. (2010). A handbook of the world's Conifers 1: 1-526. BRILL, Leiden, Boston.
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Orchard, A.E. & McCarthy, P.M. (eds.) (1998). Flora of Australia 48: 1-766. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    EDGE Gymnosperms
    EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0