1. Family: Violaceae Batsch
    1. Genus: Viola L.
      1. Viola adunca Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Subarctic America to Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Alberta, Arizona, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Greenland, Idaho, Iowa, Labrador, Maine, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Oregon, Québec, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

    Viola adunca Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Drummond [s.n.], Northern America K000327858
    Jan 1, 1995 Menzies [s.n.], USA K000327855
    Jan 1, 1995 s.coll. [s.n.], Northern America K000327860
    Jan 1, 1995 s.coll. [s.n.], Northern America K000327859
    Jan 1, 1995 s.coll. [s.n.], Northern America K000327856
    Jan 1, 1995 s.coll. [s.n.], Northern America K000327898
    Jan 1, 1995 Nuttall [s.n.], Northern America K000327851
    Jan 1, 1995 Douglas, D. [s.n.], Northern America K000327854
    Jan 1, 1995 Coulter [69], Northern America K000327852
    Jan 1, 1995 Forwood, W.H. [s.n.], USA K000327861
    Jan 1, 1995 [Barclay] [s.n.], Northern America K000327853
    Jan 1, 1960 Rydberg, P.A. [4531], USA K000327816
    Jan 1, 1960 Rydberg, P.A. [4529], USA K000327815
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], USA K000327862
    Torrey [[42]], Northern America K000327857
    Baker, C.F. [466], Colorado Viola retroscabra K000327848
    Baker, C.F. [465], USA Viola retroscabra K000327850
    Rydberg, P.A. [5889], USA Viola retroscabra K000327849
    Baker, C.F. [501], USA Viola demissa K000327875 Unknown type material

    First published in A.Rees, Cycl. 37: n.º 63 (1818)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Larson, J., Reif, B., Nelson, B.E. & Hartman, R.L. (2014). Floristic studies in North Central New Mexico, U.S.A. the Sange de Cristo mountains Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Larson, J., Reif, B., Nelson, B.E. & Hartman, R.L. (2014). Floristic studies in North Central New Mexico, U.S.A. the Sange de Cristo mountains Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 271-303.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0