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This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Afghanistan to NW. India.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb; stems prostrate to ascending, ± appressed pilose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile or almost so; blades oblong-lanceolate to oblanceolate, elliptic or suborbicular, 5–45 x 1–13 mm, cuneate to ± truncate at the base, subacute to acute at the apex, ± appressed pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 3–6-flowered, head-like, sessile or on up to 5(–30) mm long peduncle; bracts lanceolate to broadly ovate, 4–8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate to lanceolate, 4–6 mm long, acute to acuminate, densely villous with white to ± brownish hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white to blue, c. 5–12 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 1–4 mm long; stigma-lobes 1.5–2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, 3–4 mm in diam., thin-walled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 2 mm long, brown, tuberculate to smooth.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3
Ecology
Altitude range 10–1650 m.
Vernacular
Arik, harig, odbeli (Somali).
Note
Verdcourt in Kew Bull. 37: 459–464 (1982), followed by Sebsebe in Kew Bull. 54: 63–79 (1999), restricted C. rhyniospermus to plants with small pale and more or less distinctly lobed corollas in Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea and Somalia, whereas C. capituliferus has larger, more strongly coloured corollas that are not or only shallowly lobed, and occurs in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. C. rhyniospermus is circumscribe here more broadly, as was also made by Verdcourt in Fl. Trop. E Afr. (1963).

[FTEA]

Convolvulaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb; stems many, up to 0.6 m. long from a slender unbranched root, ascending or prostrate, pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade ovate, oblong or elliptic, up to 5 cm. long and 1.1 cm. wide, obtuse or minutely apiculate at the apex, truncate or broadly cuneate and then narrowly cuneate at the base, glabrescent or with a few bristly hairs on the basal margins; petiole about 2 mm. long, ± winged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a many-flowered, globose, subsessile head, 1–2 cm. in diameter, pilose with brown hairs when dry; bracts similar to sepals and leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals unequal, lanceolate, 5–7 mm. long and 0.5–1.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue, 8–10 mm. long and about 10–12 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 2–3.5(–6) mm. in diameter, pale yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds yellow-brown, about 1.5 mm. long, papillate.
Habitat
Dry bushland, often on sandy soil; 300–900 m.
Distribution
K1 K2

Native to:

Afghanistan, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, West Himalaya, Yemen

Convolvulus rhyniospermus Hochst. ex Choisy appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 1, 1955 Kirrika [140], Kenya K000097334 holotype
Kotschy [235], Sudan K000097343 isotype
Kotschy [235], Sudan K000097344

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 405 (1845)

Accepted by

  • Wood, J.R.I., Williams, B.R.M., Mitchell, T.C., Carine, M.A., Harris, D.J. & Scotland, R.W. (2015). A foundation monograph of Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae) PhytoKeys 51: 1-282.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. in Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. (2012). Fl. Yemen Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Flora of Yemen: 73-76 + 80. EPA and UNDP, Republic of Yemen.
  • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Thulin, M. et al. in Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Convolvulaceae Flora of Somalia 3: 221-258. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & M. Morris in Miller, A.G. & M. Morris (2004). Ethnofl. Soqotra Archipel. Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Ethnoflora of the Soqotra Archipelago: 516-524. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
  • Alfarhan, A. & Thomas, J. in Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Saudi Arabian CNV + CUS Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(2): 156-222. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1982). Corrections and additions to the 'Flora of Tropical East Africa: Convolvulaceae': V Kew Bulletin 37: 459-464.
  • Austin, D.F. & S. Ghazanfar in E. Nasir & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1979). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Pakistan 126: 1-64.
  • Sa'ad, F. (1967). The Convolvulus species of the Canary Islands, the Mediterranean region and the Near and Middle East Mededelingen van het Botanisch Museum en Herbarium van de Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht 281: 1-288.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Andrews, F.W. in Andrews, F.W. (1956). Convolvulaceae The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 102-125. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
  • Baker, J.G. & A.B. Rendle in Thiselton-Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1905). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 62-206. Secretary of State for the Colonies.
  • Clarke, C.B. in Hooker, J.D. (1883). Fl. Br. India Convolvulaceae Flora of British India 4: 179-228 + 734.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Miller, A.G. & M. Morris in Miller, A.G. & M. Morris (2004). Ethnofl. Soqotra Archipel. Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Ethnoflora of the Soqotra Archipelago: 516-524. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
  • Alfarhan, A. & Thomas, J. in Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Saudi Arabian CNV + CUS Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(2): 156-222. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1982). Corrections and additions to the 'Flora of Tropical East Africa: Convolvulaceae': V Kew Bulletin 37: 459-464.
  • Austin, D.F. & S. Ghazanfar in E. Nasir & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1979). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Pakistan 126: 1-64.
  • Sa'ad, F. (1967). The Convolvulus species of the Canary Islands, the Mediterranean region and the Near and Middle East Mededelingen van het Botanisch Museum en Herbarium van de Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht 281: 1-288.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Baker, J.G. & A.B. Rendle in Thiselton-Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1905). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 62-206. Secretary of State for the Colonies.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. & Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2) : 93 (1905).
  • Choisy, 3.in DC., Prodr. 9 : 405 (1845).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0