1. Family: Convolvulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Convolvulus L.
      1. Convolvulus sagittatus Thunb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Algeria, Ethiopia, S. Tropical & S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Convolvulaceae, Maria Leonor Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 8:1. 1987

    Habit
    An extremely variable perennial.
    Stem
    Stems prostrate or twining, hairy, radiating for up to 0·6 m. from a woody rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaf lamina very variable, oblong, triangular-ovate to linear 2·5–7 × 0·6–3 cm., acute at the apex, sagittate at the base, with lobes often bifid, entire, obscurely crenate or deeply laciniate, pubescent or glabrescent, often villous when young, petiole up to 15 mm. long, usually very short and often hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1–3-(several) flowered; peduncle up to 4.5 cm. long, usually terete, slender, often hairy; pedicels about 5 mm. long; bracts small, linear.
    Calyx
    Sepals varying from lanceolate to circular, ovate or elliptic, up to 9 mm. long, acute to obtuse, sometimes mucronate or ciliate, the outer longer or narrower particularly in fruit, or sepals subequal, hairy to glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or sometimes with pink or purple-red centre or pink with a purple centre, 8–15 mm. long, midpetaline areas hairy near the apices.
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds usually 4, dark brown or black, scabridulous more or less glabrous when ripe.
    [FTEA]

    Convolvulaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1963

    Habit
    An exceedingly variable perennial; stems prostrate or twining, hairy, radiating for up to 0.6 m. from a woody rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade oblong, triangular-ovate to linear, 2.5–7 cm. long, 0.6–2.6 cm. wide, acute at the apex, sagittate at the base, with the lobes often bifid, entire, obscurely crenate or deeply laciniate, pubescent or glabrescent, often villous when young; petiole up to 13 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence hairy, 1–3(–several)-flowered; peduncle 2.4–4.5 cm. long; pedicels about 0.5 cm. long; bracts minute, linear.
    Calyx
    Sepals orbicular, ovate or elliptic, 5–9 mm. long, 2.5–4 mm. wide, obtuse, the outer longer or narrower particularly in fruit, or sepals subequal, hairy.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, sometimes with pink or purple-red centre or pink with a purple centre, 8–20 mm. long (larger in some South African varieties).
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, 6–7 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown or black, scabridulous, 3.5 × 2.5 mm.
    Distribution
    Sudan Republic & Somali Republic (N.) to West Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Wild bindweed

    Convolvulus sagittatus Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gerrard [1333], South Africa K000097310
    Gerrard, W. T. [1333], South Africa K000097309
    Stainbank [3650], South Africa K000097311
    Johnston, H. H. [s.n.], Angola Convolvulus angolensis K000097332 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch [6131], Angola Convolvulus huillensis K000097330 Unknown type material

    First published in Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 35 (1794)

    Accepted by

    • Wood, J.R.I., Williams, B.R.M., Mitchell, T.C., Carine, M.A., Harris, D.J. & Scotland, R.W. (2015). A foundation monograph of Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae) PhytoKeys 51: 1-282.
    • Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. in Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. (2012). Fl. Yemen Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Flora of Yemen: 73-76 + 80. EPA and UNDP, Republic of Yemen.
    • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. et al. in Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Convolvulaceae Flora of Somalia 3: 221-258. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Alfarhan, A. & Thomas, J. in Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Saudi Arabian CNV + CUS Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(2): 156-222. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. in Wood, J.R.I. (1997). Handb. Yemen Fl. Convolvulaceae A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 230-236. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoly, J. & S. Lisowski (1993). Les Convolvulaceae dans la flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre, Rwanda, Burundi) Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 38: 351-400.
    • Gonçalves, M.L. (1987). Convolvulaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(1): 9-129. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M., & Long, G. (1986). Med-checklist 3: Dicotyledones (Convolvulaceae - Labiatae) 3: 1-395. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Ville de Genève.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
    • Baker, J.G. & C.H. Wright in Thiselton Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1904). Convolvulaceae Flora Capensis 4(2): 45-87.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wood, J.R.I., Williams, B.R.M., Mitchell, T.C., Carine, M.A., Harris, D.J. & Scotland, R.W. (2015). A foundation monograph of Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae) PhytoKeys 51: 1-282.
    • Alfarhan, A. & Thomas, J. in Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Saudi Arabian CNV + CUS Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(2): 156-222. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Wood, J.R.I. in Wood, J.R.I. (1997). Handb. Yemen Fl. Convolvulaceae A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 230-236. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoly, J. & S. Lisowski (1993). Les Convolvulaceae dans la flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre, Rwanda, Burundi) Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 38: 351-400.
    • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M., & Long, G. (1986). Med-checklist 3: Dicotyledones (Convolvulaceae - Labiatae) 3: 1-395. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Ville de Genève.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Meeuse in Bothalia 6 : 679 (1958).
    • Bak. & Wright in Fl. Cap. 4 (2) : 72 (1904).
    • Thunb., Prodr. : 35 (1794).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/