1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Entandrophragma C.DC.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White & B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Trees, usually of large size.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate, leaflets entire.
    Flowers
    Flowers (? always) monoecious, borne in panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobed in upper half or almost to base, lobes 5, aestivation open.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, free, much longer than the calyx in bud, contorted.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube cup-shaped (in our area), margin entire with 10 anthers borne on very short filaments.
    Disc
    Disk (in our area) cushion-shaped, enveloping the base of the ovary and connected to the Staminal tube by 10 short ridges.
    Pistil
    Ovary 5-locular, each loculus with 4–12 pendulous anatropous ovules in 2 rows; style short; style-head discoid with 5 radiating (?) stigmatic grooves on the upper surface, not completely blocking the entrance to the Staminal tube.
    Fruits
    Fruit a pendulous elongate woody septifragal capsule, cigar-shaped, fusiform, cylindric or claviform, opening by 5 valves from the apex or base or from the apex and base simultaneously; columella extending to the apex of the capsule, 5-angled or 5-ridged, softly woody, deeply indented with the imprints of seeds; seed-scars conspicuous or inconspicuous; seeds 3–8 per loculus, attached by the seed-end to the distal part of the columella, and winged towards the base of the capsule.
    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Large trees
    Leaves
    Leaves basically paripinnate, but leaflets sometimes alternate and leaves appearing imparipinnate
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, unisexual (plants dioecious) in large panicles
    Calyx
    Calyx ± entire and cupuliform or with 5 acute lobes, aestivation open
    Corolla
    Petals 5, free, contorted
    Stamens
    Staminal tube urceolate or cup-shaped, the margin entire or shallowly or deeply lobed, with 10 shortly stalked anthers or antherodes on the margin of the tube or its lobes; appendages absent
    Disc
    Disk cushion-shaped, fused to the base of the ovary or pistillode, but free from the staminal tube and connected to it by 10 or 20 short ridges or partitions
    Pistil
    Ovary 5-locular, each locule with 4–12 ovules; style-head discoid, with 5 radiating stigmatic lobes
    Fruits
    Fruit a pendulous, elongate, woody, cigar-shaped, cylindrical or club-shaped, septifragal capsule, opening by 5 valves from the apex or base or from both simultaneously; columella softly woody, extending to the apex of the capsule, 5-angled or 5-ridged, deeply indented with the imprints of the seeds; seed-scars conspicuous or inconspicuous
    Seeds
    Seeds with a terminal wing, 3–9 per locule, attached by the seed-end to the distal part of the columella and winged towards the base of the capsule.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Entandrophragma C.DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1996 Thomas, D.W. [10084], Cameroon K000518765
    Myers, J.G. [11771], Sudan 16517.000
    Maitland, T.D. [1717], Cameroon K000094088
    Cheek, M. [3024], Cameroon K000094089
    Cheek, M. [3024], Cameroon K000094090

    First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 582 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berl. 14: 43! (1940).
    • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19B, 1: 55 (1940)
    • in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2: 582 (1894)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2: 582, t. 12 (1894).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pennington & Styles in Blumea 22: 518 (1975)
    • in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2: 582, t. 21 (1894)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0