1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Xylocarpus J.Koenig

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific and Queensland..

    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Trees
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate
    Flowers
    Flowers unisexual, in short little-branched axillary panicles
    Calyx
    Calyx 4-lobed to ± the middle, valvate
    Corolla
    Petals 4, contorted, spreading or reflexed
    Stamens
    Staminal tube urceolate, similar to that of Khaya
    Disc
    Disk large, red, cushion-shaped, surrounding the base of the ovary and free from the staminal tube
    Pistil
    Ovary 4-locular, with 3–6 ovules in each locule; style-head discoid, margin crenellate, upper surface with 4 radiating stigmatic grooves
    Fruits
    Fruit a large, pendulous, leathery, subglobose, tardily dehiscent septifragal capsule; columella poorly developed
    Seeds
    Seeds 8–20, large, angular, outer surface somewhat rounded, with a corky outer covering.
    [FZ]

    Meliaceae, F. White & B. T. Styles. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Flowers
    Flowers probably monoecious, borne in compound cymes.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobed to or beyond the middle, lobes 4, aestivation open.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, free, much longer than the calyx in bud, contorted.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube urceolate, bearing 8 included anthers inside towards the apex and terminated by 8 appendages alternating with the anthers, appendages subcircular, retuse or shallowly and irregularly 2 (3)-lobed.
    Disc
    Disk large, red, cushion-shaped, situated beneath or engulfing and fused to the ovary, free from the staminal tube.
    Pistil
    Ovary 4-locular, each loculus with 2–4 ovules; style short; style-head discoid, almost completely blocking the entrance to the staminal tube, margin crenellate, upper surface with a minute central papilla with 4 radiating, (?) stigmatic grooves.
    Fruits
    Fruit a large almost spherical leathery septifragal capsule, dehiscing by 4 valves; septa thin, ultimately breaking down.
    Seeds
    Seeds 8–16, large, pyramidal or tetrahedral, with angular margins due to mutual compression, outer side somewhat rounded, attached by the apex to the placenta and so forming a spherical mass; outer integument thick, corky.
    Habit
    Trees of mangrove swamps and coastal scrub, often with pneumatophores or ribbon-like buttresses.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate, leaflets entire.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Fiji, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Seychelles, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam

    Xylocarpus J.Koenig appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Buchanan-Hamilton, F. [Cat. no. s.n.], Jharkhand K001132947

    First published in Naturforscher (Halle) 20: 2 (1784)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Naturforsch. 20: 2 (1784).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pennington & Styles in Blumea 22: 525 (1975)
    • Noamesi, A revision of the Xylocarpeae, unpublished thesis Univ. of Wisconsin: 103 (1958)
    • in Naturforscher 20: 2 (1784)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0