1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Anaphyllum Schott

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. India.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    S. India.
    General Description
    HABIT : evergreen herbs, clump- or colony-forming, rhizome creeping. LEAVES : solitary to few. PETIOLE : smooth to tuberculate, geniculate apically, sheath short. BLADE : sagittate-hastate to pedatifid when juvenile, trisect at maturity, anterior division remotely pinnatisect with linear-lanceolate, acute lobes, the upper ones decurrent, posterior divisions either linear-lanceolate or deeply divided into 3 coherent segments, rachis geniculate at insertion of anterior and posterior divisions; basal ribs well-developed, primary lateral veins of ultimate lobes pinnate, running into marginal vein, higher order venation reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : solitary. PEDUNCLE : very long and slender, similar in colour and texture to petiole. SPATHE : membranous to coriaceous, marcescent, either convolute basally and becoming spirally twisted and long-acuminate apically, or oblong-ovate, ± flat and fully expanded. SPADIX : cylindric, much shorter than spathe, stipitate or sessile, flowering sequence basipetal. FLOWERS : bisexual, perigoniate, tepals 3-4, fornicate. STAMENS : 3-5, filaments fairly wide, connective slender, thecae elliptic, dehiscing by short, apical, pore-like slit. POLLEN : monosulcate, ellipsoid, medium-sized (mean 29 µm., range 25-33 µm.), exine foveolate to reticulate, sometimes with elevated psilate regions, apertural exine psilate. GYNOECIUM : ovary ovoid, 1-locular, ovule 1, hemianatropous, funicle short, placenta parietal on single intrusive septum, style thick, attenuate, stigma subcapitate, exuding droplet at anthesis. BERRY : ovoid, smooth, red. SEED : ovoid, funicle slender, testa membranaceous, smooth, embryo stout, straight, endosperm absent.
    Diagnostic
    Evergreen herbs with creeping rhizomes, clump- or colony-forming; petiole unarmed, smooth to tuberculate, geniculate apically; flowers bisexual, perigoniate. Differs from neotropical Anaphyllopsis in having seeds with a membranous, smooth testa and a straight embryo, and in its southern Indian range.
    Habitat
    Tropical evergreen forest in leaf litter and in swamp forest undergrowth; geophytes, rare.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Laccadive Is.

    Anaphyllum Schott appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Aroid.: 83 (1858)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0