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This species is accepted, and its native range is Caribbean to N. South America.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Distribution

It is always associated with human settlements, mostly in West Indies. The epithet seems to be an error, since it has been never found or popularly cultivated in Brazil and the only specimens seen here were brought by me a few years ago. Easily identified because it is the only cultivated species with strongly hastate to subpedate leaf blade that are quite distinctive (Fig. 9). It could only be confused with other wild species with hastate or pedately lobed leaf blade, but most of them have round corms and are much smaller. Although its leaves are usually reputed to be edible (Plowman, 1969), they were not found to be eaten in Trinidad (Boos & Boos, 1993). This species is also broadly cultivated in the Miami area, essentially as an ornamental crop, sometimes reaching an impressive size.

General Description

Plant up to 2 m tall in ancient individuals, but rarely reaching 1 m. Stems always hypogeous, rhizomatous, cylindrical, up to 6 cm in diameter, moderately covered by brown fibers, producing occasional globose-turbinate cormels. Leaves 3-4  per plant; petioles 45-95 cm long, green, sometimes tinged with purplish at base, never conspicuously waxy, sheathed up to 1/3 of its length, sheath convolute with purplish margins; leaf blade 19-33.5 x 21-39 cm, sub-hastate to hastate in young leaves, hastate to subpedate in adult plants, glossy green adaxially, clearer and matte abaxially, primary lateral veins 4-7 per side, arising at an angle of 40-45°, concolorous with blade at both sides, apex acuminate; basal ribs denuded for 2.5-6 cm, basal lobes strongly extrorse, obtuse to round at apex. Inflorescences 1-2 per axil, peduncle 20-25 x .5 cm; spathe 18-19 cm long, tube 5 x 2.5 cm, green outside, white inside, lamina 13-14 x 3 cm long, white in both sides; spadix 14-16 cm long, fertile male portion white 10 x 1-1.5 cm, acute at apex, sterile male portion 3.5 x 1.1 cm, white, weakly dimorphic, female portion 2-3 x 1 cm, pale yellow.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 100 m.
Habit
Hierba

Native to:

Colombia, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Haiti, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Brazil South

Xanthosoma brasiliense (Desf.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Pflanzenr., IV, 23E: 58 (1920)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0