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  1. Family: Convolvulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ipomoea L.
      1. Ipomoea obscura (L.) Ker Gawl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Convolvulaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1963

    Habit
    Perennial herb; stems slender, prostrate or twining, up to 1.2 m. long, pilose or glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade ovate (rarely linear-oblong), 2.7–9 cm. long, 0.4–7.5 cm. wide, acuminate or apiculate at the apex, cordate at the base, pubescent or glabrescent on both surfaces; petiole up to 8 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1–several-flowered; peduncle 3.5–4 cm. long; pedicels 1–2 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate, ovate-orbicular or ovate-lanceolate, 4–8 mm. long, 1.7–4 mm. wide, acute or apiculate, glabrous to pilose.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, orange, cream or white with purple, crimson or chocolate-brown centre, 1.4–2.3 (–2.5) cm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, glabrous, 8–12 mm. in diameter, tipped with persistent style base.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, black, adpressed pubescent or velvety, up to 5.5 mm. long and 3.5 mm. wide (Fig. 24/1, p. 131.)
    [FZ]

    Convolvulaceae, Maria Leonor Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 8:1. 1987

    Habit
    Perennial herb, with a taproot not thicker than a finger.
    Stem
    Stems several to many, slender, prostrate to twining, up to 3 m. long, pilose or glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf lamina ovate, rarely linear-oblong, 2·5–8·5 × 0·4–7 cm., acuminate or apiculate at the apex, cordate at the base, sometimes sagittate, entire or slightly undulate and often ciliate along the margin, pubescent or glabrescent on both surfaces; petiole up to 11 cm. long, pubescent or glabrescent as in the stems.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1-several-flowered; peduncle slender, 1–8 cm. long, glabrous or shortly hairy; bracteoles minute, narrow, acute; pedicels 1–2 cm. long, sometimes minutely verrucose, shortly hairy or glabrous, at first erect but in fruit reflexed and thickened towards the apex.
    Calyx
    Sepals subequal, oavte, ovate-orbicular, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 4–8 mm. long, acute or apiculate, glabrous to pilose, in fruit all somewhat accrescent, ultimately often spreading or reflexed.
    Corolla
    Corolla funnel-shaped, yellow, orange, cream or white, concolorous or with purple centre, 1 ·5–2·5 cm. long, glabrous or the midpetaline areas thinly hairy towards the apices.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, tipped with persistent style base.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, black, appressed pubescent or velvety.
    [FWTA]

    Convolvulaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Corolla
    In typical specimens the corolla is 1·4-2·5 cm. long, whitish-yellow with or without a purplish centre.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Pakistan

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Botswana, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Gambia, Ghana, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Aldabra, Cook Is., Dominican Republic, Hawaii, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Tuamotu, Windward Is.

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Common Names

    English
    Wild petunia, Yellow ipomoea

    Other Data

    Ipomoea obscura (L.) Ker Gawl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2010 Cheek, M. [11019], Cameroon K000339784
    Jun 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11712], Cameroon K000339790
    Jan 1, 1952 Horsfield, T. [6], Jawa K000830793
    Schimper [801], Ethiopia K000097124
    Schimper [801], Ethiopia K000097125
    Schimper [801], Ethiopia K000097126
    Marloth [981], South Africa K000097277 Unknown type material
    Burchell, W.J. [2362], South Africa K000097275 Unknown type material
    Kuntze, O. [s.n.], South Africa K000097276
    Horsfield, T. [6], Jawa K000830794
    Horsfield, T. [6], Jawa K000830795

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Reg. 3: t. 239 (1817)

    Accepted by

    • Staples, G. (2018). Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viêt-Nam 36: 1-406. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Press, J.R., K.K. Shrestha, & D.A. Sutton (2012). Nepal Cklist. Convolvulaceae Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal - online Natural History Museum et al.
    • Johnson, R.W. (2012). Convolvulaceae Australian Plant Census Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. in Al Khulaidi, A.W.A. (2012). Fl. Yemen Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Flora of Yemen: 73-76 + 80. EPA and UNDP, Republic of Yemen.
    • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève.
    • Staples, G. (with P. Traiperm) (2010). Convolvulaceae Flora of Thailand 10: 330-468. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Jarvis, C.E. in Jarvis, C.E. (2007). Convolvulaceae Order out of Chaos Linnean Soc. London & Nat. Hist. Museum.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. et al. in Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Convolvulaceae Flora of Somalia 3: 221-258. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & M. Morris in Miller, A.G. & M. Morris (2004). Ethnofl. Soqotra Archipel. Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Ethnoflora of the Soqotra Archipelago: 516-524. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
    • Kress, W.J., R.A. DeFilipps, E. Farr, & Y.Y. Kyi in Kress, W.J. et al. (2003). Cklist. Myanmar Convolvulaceae Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar: 197-201. National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC.
    • Wagner, W.L. & D.H. Lorence in Wagner, W. L. & D. H. Lorence. (2002-ongoing). Fl. Marquesas CNV - April 2012 2002-. Flora of the Marquesas Islands website. Smithsonian Institution & National Tropical Bot. Garden.
    • Subba Rao, G.V. & G.R. Rao in Subba Rao, G.V & G.R Kumari (2002). Convolvulaceae Flora of Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh 1: 549-574. Botanical Survey of India.
    • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Alfarhan, A. & Thomas, J. in Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Saudi Arabian CNV + CUS Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(2): 156-222. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Bosser, J. & H. Heine (2000). Fl. Mascar. Convolvulaceae Flore des Mascareignes 127: 1-63. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Austin, D.F. in Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, & S.H. Sohmer (1999). Man. Fl. Plts. Hawai'I Convolvulaceae Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'I 1: 548-564. University of Hawaii Press.
    • Welsh, S.L. in Welsh, S.L. (1998). Fl. Societensis Convolvulaceae Flora Societensis: 83-88. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • Wood, J.R.I. in Wood, J.R.I. (1997). Handb. Yemen Fl. Convolvulaceae A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 230-236. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Austin, D.F. & Huáman, Z. (1996). A synopsis of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the Americas Taxon 45: 3-38.
    • Fang, R.-Z. & Staples, G. (1995). Convolvulaceae Flora of China 16: 271-325. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Convolvulaceae Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 491-503. ORSTOM éditions.
    • Kartesz, J.T. in Kartesz, J.T. (1994). Convolvulaceae A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland: 217-221. Timber Press.
    • Liogier, A.H. in Liogier, A. H. (1994). Convolvulaceae La flora de la Española 6: 49-114. Universidad Central del Este.
    • Barker, R.M. & Telford, I.R.H. (1993). Fl. Australia Oceanic Islds. Convolvs Flora of Australia 50: 342-353. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Lejoly, J. & S. Lisowski (1992). Les genres Merremia et Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) dans la Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi) Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 37: 21-125.
    • Smith, A.C. in Smith, A.C. (1991). Fl. Vitiensis Nova Convolvulaceae Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 41-69. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Hancock, I.R. & C.P. Henderson (1988). Convolvulaceae Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 131-132.
    • St. John, H. in St. John, H. (1988). Census of the flora of the Gambier Island, Polynesia CNV Pacific Plant Studies 43: 1. privately published by author.
    • Gonçalves, M.L. (1987). Convolvulaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(1): 9-129. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Khan, M.S. (1985). Fl. Bangladesh Convolvulaceae Flora of Bangladesh 30: 1-59. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Heine, H. (1984). Fl. Nouv. Caléd. & Dépend. Convolvulaceae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 13: 1-91. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Austin, D.F. in Dassanayake (ed.) (1980). Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon Convolvulaceae A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 1: 288-363. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Austin, D.F. & S. Ghazanfar in E. Nasir & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1979). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Pakistan 126: 1-64.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet. M.-H. (1977). Flora of Micronesia 3: Convolvulaceae Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 36: 1-34.
    • Sachet, M.-H. (1975). Fl. Marquesas Convolvulaceae Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 23: 27-34.
    • Adams, C.D. in Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica: 601-614. University of the West Indies, Mona.
    • Stoddart, D.R. (1969). Reconnaissance geomorphology of Rangiroa Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago Atoll Research Bulletin 125: 1.
    • Whitmore, T.C. in Whitmore, T.C. (1966). Guide For. Brit. Solomon Isld. Convolvulaceae Guide to the Forests of the British Solomon Islands: 187, 191. Oxford Univ. Press.
    • Gooding, E.G.B. & A.R. Loveless in Gooding, E.G.B. & A.R. Loveless (1965). Convolvulaceae Flora of Barbados: 332-344. Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
    • Heine, H. in Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Tropical Africa, second edition 2: 335-352 + 496. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1958). Notes on African Convolvulaceae (part 3) Kew Bulletin 13: 199-217.
    • Andrews, F.W. in Andrews, F.W. (1956). Convolvulaceae The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 102-125. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
    • Ooststroom, S.J. van & R.D. Hoogland (1953). Convolvulaceae Flora Malesiana 4: 388-512. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
    • Tisserant, P. Ch. (1950). Catalogue de la flora de l'Oubangui-Chari Mémoires de l'Institut d'Études Centrafricaines 2: 1-166.
    • Clarke, C.B. in Kanjilal, U.N., A. Das, P.C. Kanjilal, & R.E. De (eds.) (1939). Fl. Assam Convolvulaceae Flora of Assam 3: 338-362+538. Govt. of Assam.
    • Brown, F.B.H. (1935). Fl. SE Polynesia Convolvulaceae Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 130: 237-242.
    • Gagnepain & Courchet in H. Lecomte (1915). Flore Indo-Chine Convolvulaceae Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 4: 228-313.
    • Baker, J.G. & A.B. Rendle in Thiselton-Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1905). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 62-206. Secretary of State for the Colonies.
    • Baker, J.G. & C.H. Wright in Thiselton Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1904). Convolvulaceae Flora Capensis 4(2): 45-87.
    • Clarke, C.B. in Hooker, J.D. (1883). Fl. Br. India Convolvulaceae Flora of British India 4: 179-228 + 734.

    Not accepted by

    • Hallier, H. (1899). Convolvulaceae Africanae. II Botanische Jahrbücher fur Systematik, Pflangengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 28-54. [Cited as Ipomoea obscura var. indica Hallier f..]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • incl. var. fragilis (Choisy) Meeuse in Fl. Pl. Afr. 31, t. 1222 (1959).
    • Meeuse in Bothalia 6: 746 (1958)
    • Verdcourt in Kew Bull. 13: 210, incl. var. sagittifolia Verdc.
    • van Ooststr. in Blumea 3: 519
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 164
    • in Bot. Reg. 3, t. 239 (1817)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Press, J.R., K.K. Shrestha, & D.A. Sutton (2012). Nepal Cklist. Convolvulaceae Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal - online Natural History Museum et al.
    • Johnson, R.W. (2012). Convolvulaceae Australian Plant Census Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria.
    • Thulin, M. et al. in Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Convolvulaceae Flora of Somalia 3: 221-258. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & M. Morris in Miller, A.G. & M. Morris (2004). Ethnofl. Soqotra Archipel. Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Ethnoflora of the Soqotra Archipelago: 516-524. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
    • Wagner, W.L. & D.H. Lorence in Wagner, W. L. & D. H. Lorence. (2002-ongoing). Fl. Marquesas CNV - April 2012 2002-. Flora of the Marquesas Islands website. Smithsonian Institution & National Tropical Bot. Garden.
    • Alfarhan, A. & Thomas, J. in Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Saudi Arabian CNV + CUS Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2(2): 156-222. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Bosser, J. & H. Heine (2000). Fl. Mascar. Convolvulaceae Flore des Mascareignes 127: 1-63. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Austin, D.F. in Wagner, W.L., D.R. Herbst, & S.H. Sohmer (1999). Man. Fl. Plts. Hawai'I Convolvulaceae Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'I 1: 548-564. University of Hawaii Press.
    • Welsh, S.L. in Welsh, S.L. (1998). Fl. Societensis Convolvulaceae Flora Societensis: 83-88. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
    • Wood, J.R.I. in Wood, J.R.I. (1997). Handb. Yemen Fl. Convolvulaceae A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 230-236. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Austin, D.F. & Huáman, Z. (1996). A synopsis of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the Americas Taxon 45: 3-38.
    • Fang, R.-Z. & Staples, G. (1995). Convolvulaceae Flora of China 16: 271-325. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Friedmann, F. (1994). Convolvulaceae Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 491-503. ORSTOM éditions.
    • Liogier, A.H. in Liogier, A. H. (1994). Convolvulaceae La flora de la Española 6: 49-114. Universidad Central del Este.
    • Barker, R.M. & Telford, I.R.H. (1993). Fl. Australia Oceanic Islds. Convolvs Flora of Australia 50: 342-353. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Lejoly, J. & S. Lisowski (1992). Les genres Merremia et Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) dans la Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi) Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 37: 21-125.
    • Smith, A.C. in Smith, A.C. (1991). Fl. Vitiensis Nova Convolvulaceae Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 41-69. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Khan, M.S. (1985). Fl. Bangladesh Convolvulaceae Flora of Bangladesh 30: 1-59. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Heine, H. (1984). Fl. Nouv. Caléd. & Dépend. Convolvulaceae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 13: 1-91. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Powell, Dulcie A. (1979). The Convolvulaceae of the Lesser Antilles Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 60: 219-271.
    • Austin, D.F. & S. Ghazanfar in E. Nasir & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1979). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Pakistan 126: 1-64.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1978). Corrections and additions to the 'Flora of Tropical East Africa: Convolvulaceae': IV Kew Bulletin 33: 159-168.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet. M.-H. (1977). Flora of Micronesia 3: Convolvulaceae Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 36: 1-34.
    • Stoddart, D.R. (1969). Reconnaissance geomorphology of Rangiroa Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago Atoll Research Bulletin 125: 1.
    • Whitmore, T.C. in Whitmore, T.C. (1966). Guide For. Brit. Solomon Isld. Convolvulaceae Guide to the Forests of the British Solomon Islands: 187, 191. Oxford Univ. Press.
    • Ooststroom, S.J. van & R.D. Hoogland (1953). Convolvulaceae Flora Malesiana 4: 388-512. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
    • Tisserant, P. Ch. (1950). Catalogue de la flora de l'Oubangui-Chari Mémoires de l'Institut d'Études Centrafricaines 2: 1-166.
    • Clarke, C.B. in Kanjilal, U.N., A. Das, P.C. Kanjilal, & R.E. De (eds.) (1939). Fl. Assam Convolvulaceae Flora of Assam 3: 338-362+538. Govt. of Assam.
    • Gagnepain & Courchet in H. Lecomte (1915). Flore Indo-Chine Convolvulaceae Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 4: 228-313.
    • Baker, J.G. & A.B. Rendle in Thiselton-Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1905). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 62-206. Secretary of State for the Colonies.
    • Hallier, H. (1899). Convolvulaceae Africanae. II Botanische Jahrbücher fur Systematik, Pflangengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 28-54.
    • Hallier, H. (1899). Convolvulaceae Bulletin de l'Herbier Boissier 7: 41-64. l'Herbier Boissier.
    • Clarke, C.B. in Hooker, J.D. (1883). Fl. Br. India Convolvulaceae Flora of British India 4: 179-228 + 734.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Meeuse in Bothalia 6 : 746(1958).
    • van Ooststr. in Fl. Males., ser. 1, 4 (4) : 471, fig. 44 (1953).
    • Bak. & Rendle in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2) : 164 (1905).
    • Ker-Gawl. in Bot. Reg. 3, t. 239 (1817).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/