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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Species: Anthurium bonplandii G.S.Bunting
        1. Anthurium bonplandii subsp. guayanum (G.S.Bunting) Croat

        This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is S. Venezuela to Suriname, N. Brazil.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Habitat
    on sandstone outcrops, sandstone boulders or in pure white sand deposits in open areas and in partial shade. It is ecologically variable, occurring in premontane moist, premontane wet, premontane rainforest, and tropical wet forest life zones.
    General Description
    Terrestrial or occasionally epiphytic; stem to ca. 20 cm long; internodes short, 1-7 cm diam.; roots dense, spreading, the uppermost ones ascending, thick and blunt at apex, 5-12 cm long, 1-5 mm diam.; cataphylls subcoriaceous or fleshy, 2.5-12 cm long, acute at apex, tinged with red, persisting as coarse linear fibers at base. LEAVES erect to arching when large; petioles (3)6-30(42) cm long, 8-15 mm diam., C-shaped or sharply D-shaped, sulcate to flattened with the margins sometimes weakly raised and a broad medial rib occasionally present adaxially, rounded abaxially, sometimes 1-2-ribbed; geniculum slightly thicker than petiole, 0.5-1 cm long; blades coriaceous, oblanceolate to obovate, rarely broadly elliptic, acute to obtuse to rounded at apex, long-attenuate to acute or obtuse at base, 30-80(140) cm long, 20-40(65) cm wide, broadest above the middle, the margins undulate; upper surface semiglossy, dark green, lower surface semiglossy to matte, paler and with pustules and glandular-punctations; midrib flat to broadly sulcate at base, sometimes with faint medial rib, becoming prominently convex toward the apex above, higher than broad at base, becoming convexly raised toward apex below; primary lateral veins 6-9(13) per side, departing midib at 40-60° angle, ascending and weakly arcuate to the collective vein, loop-connecting in the upper ?, raised in grooves above, raised and paler than surface below; tertiary veins sunken above, raised below; collective vein arising in the upper ? of blade, almost as prominent as primary lateral veins, or often absent, 5-10 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES erect-spreading, nearly as long as or longer than leaves; peduncle 24-96 cm long, 4-10 mm diam., (1.5)4-5(7) x as long as petiole, green tinged with maroon or purple, terete; spathe spreading-reflexed, sometimes inrolled, coiling-recurled or reflexed, subcoriaceous, pale to medium green, sometimes suffused with purple, oblong-lanceolate, (4)8-18(24) cm long, 1-3.5 cm wide, broadest near the base, acute to shortly acuminate at apex (the acumen ca. 10 mm long), obtusely clasping at base; spadix greenish when young, becoming reddish to purple or purple-brown at anthesis, sessile or subsessile, ± cylindroid, shortly to gradually tapered at apex, erect, 5-33 cm long, ca. 5-7 mm diam. near base, 2-3 mm diam. near apex; flowers (dried) rhombic, (1.6)2.8-3.4 mm long, (1)1.8-2.8 mm wide, the sides straight parallel to spiral, smoothly and weakly sigmoid perpendicular to spiral; 3-7(9) flowers visible in principal spiral, 4-6 in alternate spiral; tepals minutely papillate, sometimes whitish muricate, matte; lateral tepals 1.4-2 mm wide, the outer margins 2-sided, the inner margins broadly convex; pistils squarish, weakly emergent; stigma rectangular, 0.6 mm long, appearing papillate; stamens emerging in a regular sequence from the base, the laterals preceding the alternates by 7- 10 spirals, the 3rd stamen preceding the 4th by 6-8 spirals, arranged in a circle, inclined over and obscuring the pistil; anthers yellow, 0.4-0.6 mm long, 0.5-0.8 mm wide; thecae oblong, 0.2-0.3 mm wide, slightly divaricate; pollen white. INFRUCTESCENCE with spathe withered, eventually deciduous; spadix 8-35 cm long, to 2 cm diam., bearing berries in the basal portion only, the apical portion sometimes weathering away; berries reddish purple, white in basal ?, obovoid, 6-10 mm long, 5-8mm diam.; pericarp thickened, with raphide cells; seeds 1 or 2 per berry, reddish violet, ellipsoid, weakly flattened, 3-6 mm long, 2-5 mm diam., 1-2 mm thick, attached to carpel wall at radicle end and by a thick strand of fibers.
    Distribution
    Anthurium bonplandii subsp. guayanum occurs in the Guiana Highlands of Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, and Surinam, most material being from Bolívar State in Venezuela.

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    French Guiana

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Anthurium bonplandii subsp. guayanum (G.S.Bunting) Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2002 Evans, R. [3286], Suriname K000482018
    Jan 1, 1986 Prance, G.T. [28334], Venezuela K000482011

    Bibliography

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 614 (1991)

    Accepted by

    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0