1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium caucavallense Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 500 - 2140 m.; Andes, Valle del Cauca.
    Habit
    Hierba, epífita
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Habitat
    Terrestrial or epiphytic, it occurs in steep, dry, more or less exposed areas or in the understory of disturbed forest in the premontane wet forest life zone.
    General Description
    Epiphytic or terrestrial; stem to 20 cm long, 1- 4 cm diam.; roots dense, mostly descending, ascending at uppermost nodes, pale green, densely pubescent when fresh, moderately thick, tapered, to 5 mm diam.; cataphylls coriaceous to subcoriaceous, lanceolate and hook-shaped, 7-10 cm long, acuminate at apex, olive-green turning reddish purple, heavily short lineate throughout, drying brown, persisting as a reticulum of fibers. LEAVES spreading; petioles (9)15-34 cm long, 4-10 mm diam., erect to spreading, ± D-shaped, flattened to weakly sulcate adaxially, the margins raised, (1)3-5-ribbed abaxially, the surface pale-speckled; geniculum paler than petiole, becoming fissured transversely with age, 1-2.5 cm long; blades subcoriaceous, oblanceolate to ± elliptic, acute to acuminate at apex (the acumen apiculate), narrowly acute to subtruncate at base, (25)50-90 cm long, (6)l0-30 cm wide, broadest above the middle, the margins undulate; upper surface glossy to semiglossy, medium green, lower surface semiglossy to matte, sometimes weakly to conspicuously glaucous, paler; midrib flat at base, becoming acutely raised toward the apex above, higher than broad at base below with 1-2 blunt ridges, becoming convexly raised toward the apex; primary lateral veins (9)ll-20 per side, departing midrib at (45)70-90° angle, ± straight, convexly raised above, more prominently so below; interprimary veins few, almost as conspicuous as primary lateral veins; tertiary veins flat to sunken above, weakly raised below; collective vein arising from near the apex, occasionally in the lower third or near the base, flat to scarcely sunken above, weakly raised below, 3-5 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES erect to spreading or pendent; peduncle 23-53(83) cm long, 4-6 mm diam., 1-2(5) x as long as petiole, green often tinged with maroon, terete; spathe spreading to reflexed, subcoriaceous, olive-green tinged with maroon, oblong-lanceolate, (8)l0-26 cm long, (1)1.5-2 cm wide, acuminate at apex (the acumen 5-10 mm long), acute to obtuse at base; spadix violet-purple or green tinged with gray-purple, tapered, sessile or stipitate to 7 mm long in back, (3.7)8-24 cm long, 5-10 mm diam. near base, 3-5 mm diam. Near apex; flowers square to 4-lobed, 2-2.7 mm in both directions, the sides straight to jaggedly sigmoid; 5-8 flowers visible in principal spiral, 13-14 in alternate spiral; tepals matte, conspicuously papillate and with droplets; lateral tepals 0.7-1.3 mm wide, the inner margins broadly convex, the outer margins 2-3-sided; pistils emergent at anthesis, densely papillate, green; stigma slitlike to ellipsoid, 0.3-0.4 mm long; stamens emerging in a regular sequence from the base, the laterals preceding the alternates by 3-12 spirals, the 3rd stamen preceding the 4th by 1-3 spirals, held above tepals in a circle around the pistil, sometimes partially inclined over and obscuring it; anthers white tinged with maroon, 0.6-0.8 mm long, 0.5-0.8 mm wide; thecae oblong, 0.3-0.4 mm wide, not at all or somewhat divaricate; pollen purplish violet fading to yellowish cream, sometimes faintly cinnamon-scented. INFRUCTESCENCE sessile with spathe persisting; to 41 cm long; spadix 20-25(44) cm long, 2.0-4.5 cm diam., with the berries scattered throughout; berries violet-purple, obovoid, truncate at apex, 4-6 mm long, 3-4 mm diam.; mesocarp mealy; seeds (rehydrated) oblong, ca. 5 mm long, 2 mm diam., adhering very closely to carpel wall throughout adaxial length.
    Diagnostic
    This species is distinguished by its hooked cataphylls, a more or less D-shaped petiole that is usually 3-5-ribbed abaxially, its primary lateral veins which often spread at a broad angle, by its violet-purple, cylindroid and weakly tapered spadix, and its violet-purple berries.
    Distribution
    Colombia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Anthurium caucavallense Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1986 Croat, T.B. [56729], Colombia K000434097 isotype

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 623 (1991)

    Accepted by

    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0