1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium erythrostachyum Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to Colombia (Chocó).


    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Premontane rain and lower montane rain forest life zones.
    Costa Rica, Darien Province of Panama and the Chocó region in Colombia.
    General Description
    Terrestrial or epiphytic; stems elongate, 10 cm or more long, 1.5-2 cm diam.; internodes to 1.5 cm long; closer near the apex; roots several at each node, gray-green to brown; cataphylls subcoriaceous, 12-17 cm long, acute at apex with minute subapical apiculum, drying brown (B & K Yellow 5/2.5), persisting intact at upper nodes, deciduous at lower nodes. LEAVES with petioles spreading, 19-62 cm long, terete to obscurely sulcate; geniculum 2-4 cm long; blades ovate to ovate-triangular, subcoriaceous, gradually long-acuminate to abruptly long-acuminate at apex (the acumen flat), broadly to deeply lobed at base, 18-50 cm long, 12-28 cm wide, broadest al base or at point of petiole attachment; anterior lobe 12-39 cm long, the margins broadly rounded; posterior lobes 5-16 cm from apex of sinus to outermost point; the sinus parabolic to hippocrepiform, rounded at apex; upper surface matte to semiglossy with conspicuous raphide cells, lower surface semiglossy; midrib raised above, diminishing and flat toward apex, convexly raised below; basal veins 4-7 pairs, the first and second free to base, the remaining coalesced to 3 cm, flat to sunken above, raised below, the posterior rib turned up weakly along the outer margin; primary lateral veins 4-6 per side, departing midrib at 35-45° angle, weakly arching to collective vein, sunken above, raised below; interprimary and secondary veins sunken above, more or less obscure below; collective vein arising from the first basal vein, loop-connecting the primary lateral veins, 5-10 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCE erect to spreading; peduncle (8-)14-40 cm long, 2-4 mm diam., terete, one-third to two-thirds as long as petiole; spathe subcoriaceous, light green (B & K Yellow-green 9/ 5-7/10), lanceolate, 5.5-16 cm long, 2-4.5 cm wide, broadest at base, caudate-acuminate at apex (acumen inrolled, to 3.5 cm long) obtuse to rounded at base, inserted at 30° angle on peduncle; stipe 1-3 mm long; spadix pink (B & K Red 8/5 to Red-purple 6/2.5), fading to a pale lavender (B & K. Purple 7/5), scarcely tapered toward apex, 3.5-9 cm long, 5-10 mm diam. at base, 4-6 mm diam. at apex, sweet, minty scented at anthesis; flowers 4-lobed, 2.7-3.3 mm in both directions, the sides jaggedly sigmoid, 5-8 flowers visible in the principal spiral, 7-12 flowers visible in the alternate spiral; tepals glossy, smooth, lateral tepals 1-1.5 mm wide, the inner margin convex, the outer margin irregularly 4-sided; pistils weakly raised before emerging, white, glossy; stigmas linear 0.2-0.4 mm long, exserted, brush-like, drying brown before stamens emerge; stamens emerging in scattered manner, laterals first, followed quickly by alternates; anthers white, ca. 0.5 mm in both directions, held in a contiguous cluster over pistil; thecae ellipsoid, slightly divaricate; pollen white. INFRUCTESCENCE with acute violet purple berries, 9-9.5 mm long, 3.7-4 mm diam., elliptic; mesocarp syrupy with elongate raphide cells; seeds 1 (?), yellow, ca. 3.5 mm long, 2.5 mm wide.

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1250 - 1500 m.; Pacífico.
    Hierba, trepadora
    No Evaluada


    Native to:

    Colombia, Costa Rica, Panamá

    Anthurium erythrostachyum Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 14: 89 (1986)

    Accepted by

    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0