1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium fendleri Schott

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to Venezuela.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2100 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba, trepadora, epífita, Rupícola
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Venezuela and Colombia. In Panama, it is rare and occurs in tropical moist forest.
    General Description
    Epilithic, epiphytic or terrestrial, on steep rocky banks; stem to 15 cm long, 1-3 cm diam.; roots moderately numerous, descending, greenish to brownish, densely pubescent, moderately elongate, tapered, 2-5 mm diam.; cataphylls moderately thin, broadly lanceolate, 5-10 cm long, acute with subapical apiculum at apex, yellowish red, heavily pale-speckled, drying brown, persisting semi-intact to fibrous, eventually deciduous. LEAVES erect-spreading; petioles (2)4-47 cm long, 5-8 mm diam., D-shaped to subtriangular, narrowly to broadly sulcate adaxially, the margins sharply to bluntly raised, rounded to 1-5-ribbed abaxially, the surface medium green, pale-speckled; geniculum thicker and paler than petiole, becoming fissured transversely with age, (0.5)l-2.5 cm long; blades chartaceous to subcoriaceous, oblanceolate to broadly elliptic, gradually acuminate at apex, usually rounded or shallowly cordate, sometimes acute to obtuse at base, (15)30-81 cm long, (6)l0-34 cm wide, broadest just above the middle, the margins broadly undulate; upper surface semiglossy, dark to medium green, lower surface weakly glossy to semiglossy, slightly paler; midrib flat at base, becoming convexly raised toward the apex above, slightly paler than surface, prominently higher than broad and acutely angular at base below, becoming convexly raised toward the apex; primary lateral veins 8-12 per side, arcuate-ascending, the lowermost free to the margin, loop-connecting to the collective vein in apical third, convexly raised, sometimes sunken in grooves above, prominently convex below; tertiary veins sunken above, raised and darker than surface below; reticulate veins obscure above, weakly visible below; collective vein arising from about the middle of the blade, sunken above, raised below, slightly less prominent than primary lateral veins, 4-12 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES spreading or stiffly erect; peduncle 30-79.5 cm long, 1.6-3.8 x as long as petiole, terete or weakly to prominently ribbed abaxially, sometimes also adaxially; spathe spreading and recurving or loosely coiled, caducous, thin, soon drying and weathering, green or green tinged with violet-purple (B & K purple 5/ l0), linear-lanceolate to narrowly triangular, 5.5-11.5 cm long, 0.9-2 cm wide, broadest near the base, inserted at 60-80° angle on peduncle, narrowly acuminate at apex, acute at base, the margins meeting at 40-50° angle; stipe green, 6-18 mm long; spadix maroon (B & K red-purple 2/10), long-tapered, 7.5-21 cm long, 4-7 mm diam. near base, 2.5-4 mm diam. near apex; flowers square to rhombic, 2.5-3 mm in both directions, the sides smoothly to jaggedly sigmoid; 4-8 flowers visible in principal spiral, 5-10 in alternate spiral; tepals matte, weakly punctate, densely and minutely papillate; lateral tepals 1.3- 1.8 mm wide, the inner margins broadly convex, the outer margins 2-3-sided; pistils early emergent, 0.1-0.2 mm, green becoming violet-purple, sometimes green with violet-purple splotches; stigma ellipsoid, light purple-violet, 0.6 mm long, dry and full of slightly exserted bristles at anthesis, becoming dark and caviform, droplets conspicuous, appearing 2-4 days before stamens emerge; stamens emerging in a slow progression from the base, the laterals preceding the alternates by 3-5 spirals, the 3rd stamen preceding the 4th by 1-3 spirals, held just above tepals; anthers creamy to yellow, 0.4-0.5 mm long, 0.8-0.9 mm wide; thecae ovoid, not divaricate; pollen bright to pale yellow, soon fading to white. INFRUCTESCENCE pendent; berries violet-purple, obovoid, rounded at apex, 6.7-7 mm long; mesocarp thick, gelatinous, white; seeds 1- 2 per berry, purplish, 4.5-5 mm long, 2-3.5 mm diam., 0.7-2 mm thick.
    Habitat
    Generally in partially shaded areas, in tropical dry, tropical moist, premontane wet, and premontane dry (presumably in premontane moist as well) forest life zones.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Panamá, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Cuba

    Anthurium fendleri Schott appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2016 Lehmann, F.C. [5332], Colombia K000434108 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1985 Croat, T.B. [37051E], Panama K000434219 isotype
    Fendler, A. [1343], Venezuela K000434218 Unknown type material
    Whitmore, T.C. [860], Ecuador Anthurium buenaventurae 29047.150

    First published in Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 468 (1860)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0