1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium fragrantissimum Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 280 m.; Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba, epífita
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela.
    Habitat
    Tropical wet and premontane rain forest life zones.
    General Description
    Usually epiphytic; stems 7-10 cm long, ca. 4 cm diam.; roots moderately thin, descending; leaf scars and internodes obscured by persisting cataphylls; cataphylls thin, 4.5-6 cm long, rounded and apiculate at apex (the acumen to 5 mm), drying brown (B & K- Yellow-red 3/10), persisting as reticulate fibers. LEAVES erect to spreading; petioles 3.5-19(-25) cm long, 6-8 mm diam., sharply sulcate, rounded abaxially; geniculum 0.8-1.3 cm long, shaped like petiole; blades subcoriaceous, usually oblanceolate-elliptic, sometimes oblong-elliptic, sometimes arched along midrib, acuminate at apex, obtuse to acute at base, 28-44 cm long, 5-10 cm wide; both surfaces semiglossy, upper surface eglandular, lower surface paler, densely glandular-punctate; midrib raised and broadly rounded above, narrowing and sunken at apex, convexly raised below; primary lateral veins 20-25 per side, departing midrib at ca. 35° angle, sunken, loop-connected from base; interprimary veins slightly sunken above, obscure below; collective vein sunken above, raised below, 2-8 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCE spreading, equal to or longer than leaves; peduncle 40-52 cm long, 3.5-4 mm diam., terete, green or purple (B & K Blue-purple 2/10), 3-4 times longer than petioles; spathe oblanceolate, pale green, 6-10 cm long, 1.5-2 cm wide, broadest at base, inserted at ca. 70° angle on peduncle, decurrent ca. 1.2 cm on peduncle; spadix pale green (B & K Yellow-green 7/5), 10.3-12 cm long, 6-8 mm diam. near the base, 3-4 mm diam. near the apex; flowers square, 2-2.3 mm in both directions, the sides jaggedly sigmoid, the principal spiral with 4-6(-10) flowers visible, 7-8 flowers visible in the alternate spiral; tepals matte, 1-1.4 mm wide, the inner margins straight, flat against pistil; pistils emergent, darker green than tepals; stigmas linear, with clear droplets apparent 1 month before stamens appear, drying brown before stamens emerge; strongly aromatic at this time and continuing for several days; stamens emerging rapidly in a regular sequence beginning at the base, each of the 4 stamens (beginning with one of the laterals) emerging throughout the spadix before the succeeding stamens (second lateral, anterior alternate, finally the posterior alternate) begin to emerge, held against sides of pistil; anthers bright yellow, 0.4-0.5 mm long, 0.5-0.6 mm wide; thecae ellipsoid, slightly divaricate; pollen golden yellow, fading to white. INFRUCTESCENCE pendent; berries red, obovoid to obovoid-ellipsoid, ca. 6 mm long, ca. 3 mm wide; pericarp thick, with raphide cells; mesocarp with numerous, large, raphide cells; seeds 1 or 2, ovoid-ellipsoid, tan, scarcely flattened, 2.7 mm long, 1.5 mm wide with blunt appendage just covering beak of seed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Panamá

    Anthurium fragrantissimum Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Folsom, J.P. [3184], Panama K000434209 Unknown type material

    First published in Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 14: 98 (1986)

    Accepted by

    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0