1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium llewellynii Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Habitat
    Tropical dry and tropical moist forest. The species is terrestrial, usually growing in sandy soil along streams, on exposed roadbanks, in shrub forests, or on rocky cliffs above riverbanks.
    Distribution
    Endemic to Peru, known principally from the vicinity of Tarapoto, at 130 m, and also in the vicinity of Tingo María in the Department of Huánuco to 750 m.
    General Description
    Usually terrestrial, rarely epiphytic; stem creeping, to 20 cm long; internodes short, 2.5-4 cm diam.; roots numerous, dense, descending, whitish velutinous, 4-5 mm diam.; cataphylls subcoriaceous lanceolate, 3-7 cm long, acute to acuminate at apex, drying brown (B & K yellow 3/7), persisting as a reticulum of fibers. LEAVES erect-spreading to spreading; petioles (5)12-40 cm long, 3-8 mm diam., erect, sharply D-shaped, flattened to slightly convex adaxially, rarely with a medial rib, the margins sharply raised, rounded abaxially; geniculum paler than petiole, becoming calloused with transverse fissures, conspicuously thicker than petiole, 0.5-2 cm long, sometimes extending beyond leaf base up to ? its length; sheath 2-6 cm long; blades subcoriaceous, oblanceolate to narrowly oblanceolate or elliptic, acute to acuminate at apex, narrowing toward the base, ending abruptly, obtuse to rounded or shallowly cordate at base, (29)50-110 cm long, (5)7- 15(20) cm wide, broadest at or above the middle, the margins moderately to broadly undulate; upper surface glossy to semiglossy occasionally matte, dark to medium green (B & K green 3/7.5), lower surface matte to semiglossy, considerably paler; midrib pale-speckled, conspicuously to scarcely paler than surface broadly rounded-raised at base, becoming acutely angled toward the apex above, broadly rounded-raised to bluntly angled and slightly paler than surface below; primary lateral veins 4-12 per side, departing midrib at 35-90° angle (rarely retrorse to 110°), arcuate-ascending to the margin, convexly raised and paler than surface above, less prominently raised and darker than surface below; interprimary veins almost as conspicuous as primary lateral veins; tertiary veins obscure; collective vein arising from near the base or in the upper third of the blade, weakly raised above and below, 3-19 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES erect to spreading; peduncle 23.5-75 cm long, 3-5 mm diam., equalling to 5 x as long as petiole, green to brownish green, pale-speckled, terete to subterete; spathe spreading to reflexed, coriaceous to subcoriaceous, green, sometimes tinged with red at margins, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 5-9 cm long, 1-2.5 cm wide, broadest near the base, inserted at 45-60° angle on peduncle, abruptly acuminate to acute at apex (the acumen inrolled), acute at base; spadix reddish olive-green, sessile, cylindroid, slightly tapered, erect or slightly curved, 3.6-9 cm long, 5 mm diam. midway, 3-4 mm diam. near apex; flowers rhombic to 4-lobed strongly scented like rotting fruit, 1.5-3 mm long, 2-2.4 mm wide, the sides jaggedly sigmoid to straight; 4-8 flowers visible in principal spiral, 5-7 in alternate spiral; tepals matte, sparsely white-punctate, densely papillate; lateral tepals 0.6-0.8 mm wide, the inner margins straight to broadly convex, the outer margins 2-4-sided; pistils weakly raised, olive-green to maroon; stigma linear-oblong, caviform, 5 mm long; stamens emerging in a scattered pattern from the base, the laterals preceding the alternates by up to 17 spirals, the 3rd stamen preceding the 4th by 13 spirals, arranged in a circle around the pistil; anthers pinkish to yellow tinged with pink, 0.3-0.6 mm long, 0.5-0.9 mm wide; thecae oblong-ovoid, slightly divaricate; pollen yellow fading to white. INFRUCTESCENCE spreading-pendent; spadix 11-18 cm long, 1-1.3 cm diam.; berries dark purple (B & K red-purple 2/2.5), globose-obovoid to subglobose, truncate at apex, 5 mm long, 3-5 mm diam.; pericarp moderately thickened; mesocarp gelatinous, with raphide cells; seeds 1-2 per berry, brownish purple, oblong-ellipsoid, 4-5 mm long, 2.1-2.5 mm diam., 1.5-2 mm thick, with a gelatinous appendage at both ends.

    Images

    Distribution

    Anthurium llewellynii Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1980 Croat, T.B. [51092], Peru K000434295 isotype
    Jan 1, 1980 Croat, T.B. [51092], Peru K000434296 isotype

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 674 (1991)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0