1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium melastomatis Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Habitat
    Premontane and lower montane rain forest.
    General Description
    Terrestrial or epiphytic, more or less erect; stems to ca. 1 m long, 8-12 mm diam.; inter-nodes elongate, 2.5-4.5 cm long, in lower portion, often relatively short near the apex; leaf scars inconspicuous; roots relatively few, ca. 2 mm diam.; cataphylls 10-16 cm long, promptly weathering to a well-developed, persistent reticulum of brownish fibers. LEAVES usually persisting only at the upper nodes; petioles subterete, narrowly and obtusely sulcate, the sulcus sometimes broader with a medial groove, 9-22 cm long, 3-5 mm diam., three-fourths as long as or sometimes longer than the blade; geniculum 1-1.5 cm long; blades subcoriaceous, weakly arched along the midrib, ovate to narrowly ovate, acuminate at apex (the acumen apiculate), usually obtuse to rounded or subcordate at the base, (8.5-)12-22 cm long, (4-)6.5-12.7 cm wide, broadest below the middle; upper surface semiglossy, densely but inconspicuously dark glandular-punctate, the lower surface semiglossy, much paler, more densely and more conspicuously dark glandular-punctate; midrib raised on both surfaces, paler than the surface above; basal veins usually 3, free to the base, 2 of these extending in smooth curves to the apex (both acting as collective veins), the third usually joining the margin in the lower one-fourth to one-third, merely etched into the surface and scarcely or not at all more prominent than the primary lateral veins; primary lateral veins 8-10 per side, departing the midrib at 30-50° angle, mostly straight to the first collective vein, etched into surface, the lateral veins between the first and second collective veins directed at the same angle or often at a broader angle more nearly approaching 90° from the midrib; interprimary veins weaker than primary lateral veins on fresh leaves but equally as prominent as the primary lateral veins on dried plants. INFLORESCENCE more or less erect; peduncles 17-34 cm long, 2-3.5 mm diam., terete, usually considerably longer than the longest petiole; spathe moderately thin, green, the margins sometimes tinged with purple, lanceolate-oblong, 2.5-7 cm long, 6-17 mm wide, broadest in basal one-third, abruptly acuminate at apex, acute to obtuse at base, inserted at ca. 30° angle on peduncle; stipe 1-2 mm long, ca. 3 mm diam., fleshy; spadix green, becoming violet purple in age, slightly tapered and relatively blunt at apex, 4.5-9.5 cm long, 5-7 mm diam. at base, 3-4 mm diam near apex; flowers square, 2.1-3.6 mm wide in both directions, the sides straight to weakly sigmoid; 5-6 flowers visible in the principal spiral, 3-4 visible in alternate spiral; tepals semiglossy, sometimes tinged purple on inner margins; lateral tepals 1.4-2 mm wide, the inner margins broadly rounded, turned upward against the emerging pistil, the alternate pair with inner margins at least appearing concave; pistils green, weakly emergent; stigma oblong, brush-like, 0.3-0.5 mm long; stamens emerging in a regular sequence from the base, retracting completely after anthesis; anthers creamy white, ca. 0.2 mm long, ca. 0.4 mm wide; thecae oblong-elliptic, scarcely divaricate; pollen white. INFRUCTESCENCE semi-erect, the spadix turning violet purple, to 13 cm long; berries pinkish white to red, obovoid, ca. 5 mm long (boiled up), 4 mm wide, rounded at apex; seeds 2, ellipsoid, slightly flattened, obliquely sunken at apex around the funiculus, rounded at base, 2.5-3 cm long, 1.9-2.1 mm diam., 1-1.5 mm thick, tan, with a sticky, gelatinous, transparent appendage at apex.
    Distribution
    Endemic to Panama in Cocle, Panamá and San Bias Provinces. The species has been collected at two rather widely separated localities on either side of the isthmus. The population on the South American side of the isthmus sometimes has blades subcordate at the base.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Panamá

    Anthurium melastomatis Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 14: 137 (1986)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Ahmed, Z.F., El-Kiey, M.A., Rizk, A.M., Hammouda, F.M. & Abdel-Bary, E.F. 1968. Phytochemical study of Egyptian Araceae species. Planta Medica, 16, 282-293.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0