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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium simpsonii Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru.


    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Subtropical dry forest life zone.
    Known only from the type collection from the Department of Tumbes in northern coastal Peru.
    General Description
    Description based on dried material only. Epiphytic; stem ca. 1.5 cm diam.; roots numerous, dense, gray-brown and shortly woolly-pubescent, moderately thick and elongate, somewhat tapered at apex, 3-5 mm diam.; cataphylls subcoriaceous, 11.5-12 cm long, acuminate at apex, tan, persisting intact, eventually as a reticulum of fibers. LEAVES erect or somewhat spreading; petioles 6 cm long, ca. 6 mm diam., D-shaped, probably flattened adaxially, rounded or multi-ribbed abaxially; geniculum slightly darker than petiole, ca. l cm long; blades subcoriaceous, oblong-oblanceolate, acute at apex (the acumen apiculate), acute at base, 66 cm long, 8.5 cm wide, broadest at or above the middle; upper surface glossy, lower surface semiglossy; both surfaces matte, grayish green; midrib flat to convexly raised above, concolorous with the surface, prominently and convexly raised below, paler than surface; primary lateral veins ca. 22 per side, departing midrib at 50-60° angle, ± straight to the collective vein, raised above and below, slightly paler than surface below; interprimary veins prominulous below; reticulate veins visible below; collective vein arising from near the base, raised above and below, less prominent than primary lateral veins, 1-3 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES with peduncle 23-25 cm long, ca. 3 mm diam., ca. 5 x as long as petioles, terete; spathe, yellowish brown, oblanceolate, ca. 5 cm long, 0.8 cm wide, acute at base, the margins meeting at an acute angle; stipe 7 mm long in front, 3 mm long in back; spadix purplish, cylindroid, erect, ca. 5 mm diam.; flowers ± square; 5-7 flowers visible in principal spiral, 7-9 in alternate spiral; tepals deep purple with light tips; lateral tepals 0.9-1.2 mm wide, the inner margins straight, the outer margins 2-sided; pistils glossy, wine-red; stigma probably slitlike; anthers 0.4 mm long, 0.4-0.5 mm wide; thecae oblong, 0.2 mm wide, slightly or not at all divaricate. INFRUCTESCENCE with spathe persistent; spadix 12.5 cm long, 1.8 cm diam.; berries purple, ovoid, acute at apex, 6.5 mm long, 5.5 mm diam.; mesocarp translucent, gelatinous, orange; seeds 2 per berry, yellow-brown, flattened, 3.5-3.7 mm long, 2.7 mm diam., 0.9-1 mm thick, enveloped by gelatinous, translucent substance.


    Other Data

    Anthurium simpsonii Croat appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 728 (1991)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.