1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium willifordii Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Epiphytic; stem short, 1-2 cm diam.; roots numerous, dense, spreading to descending, pale to medium green, smooth, bluntly tapered, moderately elongate, 3-4 mm diam.; cataphylls subcoriaceous, broadly triangular, 1.5-5 cm long, acute at apex, pale yellowish green, drying brown, persisting intact, soon deciduous. LEAVES spreading; petioles 2-4.5 cm long, 4-5 mm diam., erect-spreading to spreading, quadrangular to trapezoidal, sometimes subterete, with a medial rib and the margins prominently raised adaxially, sharply 3- 5-ribbed abaxially, the surface slightly pale-speckled; geniculum becoming reddish tinged, 0.4-0.7 cm long; blades subcoriaceous to moderately coriaceous, oblanceolate to oblanceolate-elliptic, obtuse, minutely apiculate at apex, obtuse to rounded at base, (14)18-50 cm long, 5.5-16.5 cm wide, usually broadest above the middle, the margins sometimes undulate; upper surface matte-velvety, moderately quilted, medium green, lower surface velvety with conspicuous crystalline cells, slightly paler and often tinged with red; both surfaces drying brown to grayish brown; midrib prominently acute at base, becoming narrowly raised toward the apex above, prominently acute and tinged with reddish below; primary lateral veins 6-1 3 per side, departing midrib at 50-70º angle, straight, flat to weakly raised above, weakly raised and darker than surface and tinged with red below, drying slightly raised above and below; interprimary veins less prominent than primary lateral veins, darker than surface below; tertiary veins slightly darker than surface below, drying weakly raised; reticulate veins obscure; collective vein arising from near the base or in upper third of blade, weakly sunken to flat above, weakly raised and darker than surface below, equally as prominent as primary lateral veins, 4-10 mm from margin. INFLORESCENCES erect; peduncle 2.5-9 cm long, 2-3 mm diam., 1.2-3 x as long as petioles, green faintly tinged purplish, terete with obscure ridge; spathe erect, subcoriaceous, dark purple to purplish violet (B & K red-purple 2/5), ovate-elliptic, navicular, 2.3-4.7 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, broadest in the lower third, cuspidate-acuminate at apex, acute and weakly decurrent at base; spadix reddish (B & K red 7/ 10) to faintly purplish violet or grayish purple, very short, cylindroid, erect, 1.7-4.7 cm long, 2-6 mm diam.; flowers rhombic and weakly 4-lobed, 1- 1.5 mm long, 1.5-1.7 mm wide, the sides ± straight parallel to spiral, jaggedly sigmoid perpendicular to spiral; 8-9(14) flowers visible in principal spiral, 17-21 in alternate spiral; tepals matte, densely and minutely papillate; lateral tepals 0.5-0.9 mm wide, the inner margins rounded to bluntly 3-sided, the outer margins 2-3-sided to shield-shaped and 4-sided; pistils raised, purple, much darker than the tepals; stigma slitlike, 0.2-0.3 mm long; stamens emerging from near the middle, lateral stamens emerging to % the distance to the apex before alternates emerge at lower 95 of spadix; anthers white, 0.4-0.5 mm long, 0.4-0.5 mm wide, contiguous at the surface of the tepals; thecae narrowly ovoid, conspicuously divaricate; pollen yellow, fading to white. INFRUCTESCENCE with berries scattered throughout; berries obovoid, magenta, rounded at apex.
    Distribution
    Endemic to Loreto Department in Peru, where it has been collected once in the vicinity of the Explorama Camp on the Río Sucusari, a tributary of the Río Napo.
    Habitat
    An epiphyte in a tropical moist forest life zone.

    Images

    Distribution

    Anthurium willifordii Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Williford, J. [61087], Peru K000434416 isotype

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 752 (1991)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Croat, T.B. 1991. A revision of Anthurium Section Pachyneurium (Araceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 78 (3): 539-855

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0