1. Family: Crassulaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crassula L.
      1. Crassula globularioides Britten

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to Malawi.

    [FTEA]

    Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Perennial rosette-forming herb or subshrub; stems prostrate, branched; branches short, erect, lower parts bearing remains of former leaves, upper portion bearing a rosette of leaves.
    Leaves
    Leaves oblong to oblong-ovate, up to 3.5 cm. long and 2 cm. wide, apex obtuse to subobtuse, slightly attenuate or contracted at the base, margins entire, ciliate, otherwise glabrous or densely pubescent overall (or papillose-hairy only beneath but not in East Africa).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal, repeatedly dichotomous, usually rather dense, subhemispherical, corymbose cyme, rarely open and conspicuously branched; branches glabrous to densely papillose-pubescent; pedicels up to 2.5 mm. long. Flowering stem erect, up to 13 cm. long, with retrorsely appressed papillose hairs, and sometimes glabrescent above, or with dense spreading papillose hairs; bracts (1–)2(–3) pairs along the length of the stem, including one pair immediately below the inflorescence; bracts linear-oblong to triangular-oblong, up to 6 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, obtuse to subacute, margins ciliate.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes lanceolate to triangular, (2–)2.5–3 mm. long, 0.5–0.9 mm. wide, acute to subacute, united at the base for ± 0.5 mm., margins entire, ciliate, strongly or obscurely keeled, keel glabrous to densely papillose-ciliate.
    Corolla
    Petals white, oblong-ovate to broadly elliptic-obovate, 4–5 mm. long, 1.5–1.8 mm. wide, obtuse to subobtuse, shortly mucronate below the apex, slightly keeled.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 1.5–2.3 mm. long; anthers oblong, 0.5–1 mm. long, yellow.
    Nectaries
    Nectary scales subrectangular to trapeziform, 0.4–0.8 mm. long, 0.2–0.7 mm. wide.
    Carpels
    Carpels oblong, up to 4 mm. long, gradually contracted into the style, minutely pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 8–16(–20) per carpel, oblong, ± 0.6 mm. long, 0.3 mm. wide, minutely longitudinally striate-rugulose.
    [FZ]

    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    A dwarf undershrub up to 13(20) cm. high, forming small compact mats, with a much branched woody rootstock.
    Branches
    Branches short, up to 5 mm. in diam., leafless, blackish and with lower parts covered by the persistent, dry sheaths of the old leaves, reddish and leafy along the terminal 1·5-6·5(15) cm.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 2·2 x 1·2 cm., oblong to oblong- or subcircular-obovate, usually obtuse at the apex, entire and ciliate at the margin (cilia rigid, white), slightly attenuate or contracted at the broad base, flat, ± succulent and green tinged red when fresh, turning somewhat rigid, thin and reddish-brown to nearly black on drying, usually glabrous on both sides, sessile, usually 4-ranked and ± condensed (rosettes up to 4·5 cm. in diameter, sometimes nearly spherical) or somewhat scattered and decussate along the stem but always longer than the internodes, erect or ± spreading.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous in terminal, dichotomous, corymbose or sometimes dense and globular inflorescences, 1-5 cm. in diameter; peduncle 1-8 cm. long, erect, slender, retrorsely appressed papillose-hairy, with two pairs of opposite, connate at base, oblong, obtuse or subacute ciliate bracts, one pair between the base and the middle of the peduncle, the other below the inflorescence; pedicels up to 2·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx (2)2·5-3 mm. long, half as long as corolla or more; sepals (1)1·5-1·75 mm. broad, triangular or lanceolate, attenuate towards the acute apex, keeled, ciliate at the margin and along the keel (cilia ± rigid, acute, spreading, white, ± scattered).
    Corolla
    Corolla 4-5 mm. long, white; petals oblong-obovate to broadly ovate-elliptical, obtuse to nearly acute, shortly mucronate below the apex, fleshy, smooth, erect or slightly spreading or reflexed at the top.
    Stamens
    Filaments 1·5-2·25 mm. long; anthers 0·5-0·75 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Follicles (with styles) 2·5-3 mm. long.
    Scales
    Scales 0·4-0·6 x 0·3-0·4 mm., subrectangular, truncate or emarginate at the top, purple,

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Crassula globularioides Britten appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Philcox [8962], Zimbabwe 54479.000
    Meller, C.J. [s.n.], Malawi K000310465 holotype
    Meller, C.J. [s.n.], Malawi K000310467 holotype
    Timberlake, J. [5258], Mozambique K000613987
    Timberlake, J. [5470], Mozambique K000614450
    Mphamba, S. [15], Mozambique K000613708

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 389 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66: 241-251. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1987). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crassulaceae: 1-66.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66: 241-251. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 7: 33 (1983).
    • Tölken in Contrib. Bolus Herb. 8: 458 (1977).
    • Jacobsen, Lex. Succ. Pl.: 160 (1974).
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 434 (1954).
    • Engl., Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 281 (1915).
    • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile A: 132 (1895)
    • Bak. f. in Trans. Linn. Soc, ser. 2, 4: 13 (1894).
    • Britten in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 389 (1871).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0