1. Family: Crassulaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crassula L.
      1. Crassula nodulosa Schönland

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Biennial or perennial rosette herb with tuberous root.
    Stem
    Stems annual, dying back after flowering, terete, erect, usually solitary, rarely 2–3(fide F.Z.), usually simple, up to 42(–80) cm. high, 3–6(–11) mm. in diameter, whitish, greyish or fulvous papillose-hairy; hairs up to 0.75 mm. long, spreading or ± reflexed-appressed, or sometimes very short and bulliform, scattered to dense.
    Leaves
    Rosette leaves apparently persistent, tightly packed, orbicular (but not in E. Africa) or broadly obovate to narrowly triangular-lanceolate, up to 5(–7) cm. long, 1.5(–3) cm. wide, apex rounded to acute or acuminate, bases of opposite leaves united to form a sheath around the stem up to 1 mm. high, margins entire and papillose-ciliate, glabrous to sparsely papillose-pubescent above and beneath or glabrous above and pubescent beneath; cauline leaves similar but smaller, equalling or shorter than the internodes, grading into bracts.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence consisting of numerous verticillasters of subcapitate cymes in the axils of the bracts, lower bracts sometimes developing short fertile branches; cymes usually very condensed, up to 2–5 cm. in diameter, shortly and inconspicuously pedunculate; pedicels up to 4 mm. long, papillose-pubescent or glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes ovate-lanceolate to oblong- or triangular-lanceolate, (1.5–)2–4(–4.5) mm. long, acute, united at the base for 0.5–1 mm., margins papillose-ciliate, dorsal surface glabrous to ± densely papillose-pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals white, oblong-ovate to oblong-elliptic or oblong, 2.2–4 mm. long, obtuse to subacute, thickened and somewhat hooded, with a subapical conical appendage up to 0.5 mm. long, margins smooth or minutely ciliate, dorsal surface minutely scabrid towards the apex.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments attached to the base of the petals, 0.7–2 mm. long; anthers oblong-ovate, 0.5–0.75 mm. long.
    Nectaries
    Nectary scales transversely oblong to square, up to 0.5 mm. long, truncate or slightly emarginate.
    Pistil
    Carpels oblong-ovate, 1–2 mm. long, contracted into a very short style with ± lateral stigma.
    Seeds
    Seeds 8–16 per carpel, oblong, ± 0.5 mm. long, 0.25 mm. wide, minutely longitudinally rugulose.
    [FZ]

    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    A biennial or perennial succulent herb with a tuberous root and a basal rosette of leaves up to 10 cm. in diameter, sometimes very dense and ± persisting at flowering time.
    Stem
    Stem up to 60(80) cm. high, leafy below, floriferous above, usually solitary, rarely 2-3 per root, simple, rarely with some slender short to ± long branches at the median cauline nodes or at the lower floral ones, terete, firm, slender to ± thick (up to 8(11) mm. in diameter at the base), whitish, greyish or fulvous-papillose-pilose (the hairs up to 0·75 mm. long, patent or subretrorse, ± dense, obtuse or acute, sometimes very short and bubble-like).
    Leaves
    Rosulate leaves ± dense, all spreading or the uppermost erect, up to 5(7) x 3·5 cm., obovate-spathulate to broadly obovate, ovate or suborbicular or oblong to oblanceolate or lanceolate, rounded, obtuse or acute at the apex, entire and pectinate-ciliate at the margin (the cilia up to 1 mm. long, retrorse, acute, rigid, whitish), sessile and somewhat connate at the base, flat, fleshy and green when fresh, firm and ± dark on drying, glabrous or ± densely to sparsely papillose-hairy on both faces or only on the lower one (sometimes glabrous leaves and hairy ones occur in different plants of the same gathering); lower cauline leaves similar to the uppermost basal ones but smaller and less obtuse or more acute, ± approximate to ± distant, subpatent to suberect, the median ones passing gradually into the leafy bracts; lower cauline internodes up to 6·5 cm. long, the following shortening successively into the floral ones.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous in numerous (up to 34) verticillasters in the axils of opposite leafy bracts, forming a ± long, usually narrow, sometimes up to 4-3 cm. in diam., spike-like inflorescence, interrupted below, nearly continuous towards the apex; lower floral internodes up to 4 cm. long; individual cymes usually very condensed and subcapitate, up to 2·5 cm. in diameter, shortly pedunculate (apparently sessile); bracts similar to the upper cauline leaves, but shorter and relatively broader, the lower ones shorter or longer than the cymes, the others shorter, ± densely to sparsely papillose at least towards the base on the underside or glabrous everywhere; pedicels up to 3·5(4) mm. long, papillose-hairy or glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx (1·5)2-4(4·5) mm. long; sepals ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, not to ± attenuate, acute, erect or slightly spreading, ciliate at the margin, connate for ± 0·75 mm. at base, usually hispidulous all over the dorsal surface or only along the median line, rarely completely glabrous, purplish.
    Corolla
    Corolla 2·25-4 mm. long, white or reddish; petals erect and subconnivent, ovate-oblong to oblong-elliptic or oblong, obtuse or sometimes subacute, with slightly inflexed apex, dorsally mucronate at the inflexion (the mucro ± up to 0·5 mm. long, conical, solid, acute or obtuse), smooth or ciliate at the margins, connate at the base, minutely tuberculate-scabrid (including the mucro) on the outer surface towards the apex.
    Stamens
    Filaments 0·75-2 mm. long; anthers ± 0·5 mm. to 0·75 mm. long, oblong-ovate.
    Fruits
    Follicles 1-1·5(2) mm. long, obliquely ovate-oblong, contracted into the very short or almost absent styles; stigmas thick, subsessile, lateral (at least at maturity).
    Scales
    Scales up to 0·5 mm. long, as long as to shorter than broad, cuneate-spathulate to subrectangular, truncate or slightly emarginate, narrowly thickened at the upper margin.
    Seeds
    Seeds minutely tuberculate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe

    Crassula nodulosa Schönland appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1976 Conrath, P. [287], South Africa Crassula capitella subsp. nodulosa K000232675 holotype

    First published in Rec. Albany Mus. 1: 56 (1903)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1987). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crassulaceae: 1-66.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 7: 29, t. 5 (1983).
    • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 55: 108 (1982)
    • R. Fernandes in Consp. Fl. Angol., Fam. 70: 12 (1982)
    • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 52: 189 (1979)
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 104 (1974).
    • Jacobsen, Lex. Succ. Pl.: 163 (1974).
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 12 (1948).
    • Schönl. in Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Afr. 17: 247 (1929).
    • Schönl. in Rec. Albany Mus. 1: 56 (1903)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0