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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to Himalaya.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herb or subshrub, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, lanceolate, 3–8(–12) x 0.7–2(–3) mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in condensed axillary cymes shorter than subtending leaf, (4–)5-merous; pedicel shorter than calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals narrowly lanceolate, 0.7–1.8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white to pale pink, oblong-ovate to lanceolate, acute, as long as or slightly shorter than calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2 per carpel, c. 0.5 x 0.3 mm, smooth or almost so.
Distribution
N1 widespread in tropical Africa, tropical Arabia, India.
Ecology
Altitude range c. 1800 m.
Note
First record for Somalia. The Somali plant is subsp. schimperi. Two other subspecies are recognized in tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs, erect, sprawling or lycopodium-like; stems succulent to almost woody especially at the base, up to 5 mm. in diameter; bark dark brown to reddish brown, peeling irregularly; remains of dead leaves usually present below new growth.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, lanceolate to ovate, linear or triangular, up to 12 mm. long, up to 3 mm. wide, apex acute or obtuse, sometimes setose, base sometimes spurred, bases of opposite leaves united to form a sheath around the stem up to 2 mm. high, margins thickened and sometimes with marginal papillae; blade flat, thin to thick and fleshy; hydathodes sometimes large and conspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of condensed axillary cymes, shorter than to subequalling or rarely exceeding the subtending leaf; flowers (1–)3–12, (4–)5-merous; pedicels short.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes narrowly triangular to lanceolate, 0.7–1.8 mm. long, 0.2–0.3 mm. wide, longer or slightly shorter than the petals, acute to attenuate, shortly united at the base, thin to scarcely fleshy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals whitish, yellowish or pink, oblong to oblong-ovate or lanceolate, acute, thickened and somewhat hooded, shortly united at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments scarcely attached to the corolla-tube, 0.5–0.7 mm. long; anthers ovate, ± 0.1–0.2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales broadly to narrowly spathulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Carpels oblong, 0.7–1 mm. long, contracted or attenuate into a very short style; stigma terminal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2 per carpel, oblong-ovoid, ± 0.5 mm. long, ± 0.3 mm. wide

[FZ]

Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Moss- or lycopodium-like perennial herbs or sometimes dwarf undershrubs, totally glabrous or sometimes papillose on leaves, calyces and extremities of stem and branches.
Morphology Stem
Stems ± woody towards the base or herbaceous throughout, 4-gonous above, either slender or somewhat thick throughout or only below, leafy from base to apex or leafless on the older parts.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves not to ± succulent, soft to ± rigid, ovate to linear, obtuse or acute, sometimes setose at the apex, sessile, connate at the base into a short sheath, slightly thickened and indexed at the margin, ± canaliculate above towards the apex, the apical ones ± dense.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, small, shortly pedicellate, in ± dense axillary fascicles shorter than to equalling or a little exceeding the subtending leaf, sometimes flowers solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx slightly shorter or longer than the corolla or subequalling it; sepals lanceolate, acute to rather attenuate and nearly subulate, thin to somewhat thick, nearly hyaline to whitish or pale green, shortly connate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla whitish, yellowish or rose, turning reddish-brown on drying; petals oblong or ovate-oblong, connate at base up to 0·5 mm., folded upwards and appearing cuspidate there.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers ovate, yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles 0·75-1 mm. long, contracted or shortly attenuate into a very short style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2 in each follicle.
Morphology General Scales
Scales flabellate to spathulate.

[FWTA]

Crassulaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Tufted herb, a few inches high.

Native to:

Angola, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chad, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tibet, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Crassula schimperi Fisch. & C.A.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mann, G. [2037], Cameroon K000050013
Quezel, P.A. [s.n.], Chad K000310087 Unknown type material
Milne-Redhead, E. [8866], Tanzania Crassula pentandra 25218.000
Ash [1709], Ethiopia Crassula pentandra 35572.000
Berley, M.A.B., Kenya Crassula pentandra 37559.000

First published in Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 8: 56 (1842)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1987). Flora of Bhutan 1(3): 466-834. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Sarwar, G.R. (2002). Flora of Pakistan 209: 1-64. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • R. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 7: 7, t. 2 (1983).
  • Wickens in Kew Bulletin 36: 666 (1982).
  • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 52: 169 (1979).
  • Tölken in Contrib. Bolus Herb. 8: 133 (1977), pro parte.
  • Tölken in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 41: 117 (1975)
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 171 (1954).
  • Fisch. & Mey. in Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 8: 14, 58 (1841).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0