1. Family: Crassulaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Crassula L.
      1. Crassula schimperi Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to Himalaya.

    [FTEA]

    Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, erect, sprawling or lycopodium-like; stems succulent to almost woody especially at the base, up to 5 mm. in diameter; bark dark brown to reddish brown, peeling irregularly; remains of dead leaves usually present below new growth.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, lanceolate to ovate, linear or triangular, up to 12 mm. long, up to 3 mm. wide, apex acute or obtuse, sometimes setose, base sometimes spurred, bases of opposite leaves united to form a sheath around the stem up to 2 mm. high, margins thickened and sometimes with marginal papillae; blade flat, thin to thick and fleshy; hydathodes sometimes large and conspicuous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of condensed axillary cymes, shorter than to subequalling or rarely exceeding the subtending leaf; flowers (1–)3–12, (4–)5-merous; pedicels short.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes narrowly triangular to lanceolate, 0.7–1.8 mm. long, 0.2–0.3 mm. wide, longer or slightly shorter than the petals, acute to attenuate, shortly united at the base, thin to scarcely fleshy.
    Corolla
    Petals whitish, yellowish or pink, oblong to oblong-ovate or lanceolate, acute, thickened and somewhat hooded, shortly united at the base.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments scarcely attached to the corolla-tube, 0.5–0.7 mm. long; anthers ovate, ± 0.1–0.2 mm. long.
    Nectaries
    Nectary scales broadly to narrowly spathulate.
    Pistil
    Carpels oblong, 0.7–1 mm. long, contracted or attenuate into a very short style; stigma terminal.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 per carpel, oblong-ovoid, ± 0.5 mm. long, ± 0.3 mm. wide
    [FZ]

    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Moss- or lycopodium-like perennial herbs or sometimes dwarf undershrubs, totally glabrous or sometimes papillose on leaves, calyces and extremities of stem and branches.
    Stem
    Stems ± woody towards the base or herbaceous throughout, 4-gonous above, either slender or somewhat thick throughout or only below, leafy from base to apex or leafless on the older parts.
    Leaves
    Leaves not to ± succulent, soft to ± rigid, ovate to linear, obtuse or acute, sometimes setose at the apex, sessile, connate at the base into a short sheath, slightly thickened and indexed at the margin, ± canaliculate above towards the apex, the apical ones ± dense.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, small, shortly pedicellate, in ± dense axillary fascicles shorter than to equalling or a little exceeding the subtending leaf, sometimes flowers solitary.
    Calyx
    Calyx slightly shorter or longer than the corolla or subequalling it; sepals lanceolate, acute to rather attenuate and nearly subulate, thin to somewhat thick, nearly hyaline to whitish or pale green, shortly connate at the base.
    Corolla
    Corolla whitish, yellowish or rose, turning reddish-brown on drying; petals oblong or ovate-oblong, connate at base up to 0·5 mm., folded upwards and appearing cuspidate there.
    Anthers
    Anthers ovate, yellow.
    Fruits
    Follicles 0·75-1 mm. long, contracted or shortly attenuate into a very short style.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 in each follicle.
    Scales
    Scales flabellate to spathulate.
    [FWTA]

    Crassulaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Tufted herb, a few inches high.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chad, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tibet, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crassula schimperi Fisch. & C.A.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mann, G. [2037], Cameroon K000050013
    Quezel, P.A. [s.n.], Chad K000310087 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8866], Tanzania Crassula pentandra 25218.000
    Ash [1709], Ethiopia Crassula pentandra 35572.000
    Berley, M.A.B., Kenya Crassula pentandra 37559.000

    First published in Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 8: 56 (1842)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1987). Flora of Bhutan 1(3): 466-834. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 7: 7, t. 2 (1983).
    • Wickens in Kew Bulletin 36: 666 (1982).
    • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 52: 169 (1979).
    • Tölken in Contrib. Bolus Herb. 8: 133 (1977), pro parte.
    • Tölken in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 41: 117 (1975)
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 171 (1954).
    • Fisch. & Mey. in Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 8: 14, 58 (1841).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0