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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, SW. Madagascar, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent.
Kalanchoe lanceolata (Forssk.) Pers.

[FZ]

Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Annual or biennial succulent viscid herb, 11·5-150 cm. high (incl. the inflorescence).
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, usually simple, rarely furcate or branched above the base, 3-15 mm. thick below, 4-gonous to narrowly winged or subterete and with 4 longitudinal raised lines, green or whitish on drying, glabrous or sparsely hairy below, more densely and with longer hairs above, the hairs slender, soft, spreading, up to 3 mm. long, minutely capitate-glandular; internodes 1-8·5 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-23(30) x 0·7-9 cm., obovate, obovate-oblong to narrowly oblong- or linear-lanceolate, obtuse to acute, entire or sinuate to crenate or sometimes irregularly shallow-lobed, sessile, connate (sheath up to 0·5 cm.) or the uppermost free, decurrent, glabrous to shortly glandular-hairy, succulent but not thickly fleshy, flat, papery to membranous and yellowish-green on drying.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers erect in ± long cymes grouped in panicle- or thyrse-like inflorescences up to 50 cm. long or sometimes reduced to the terminal group and then corymbose; internodes of inflorescences ± long, the lower ones up to 12·5 cm. long; branches of inflorescences up to 20 cm. long, erect, in the axils of leaf-like bracts, glandular-hairy; pedicels 1·5-3 mm. long, glandular-hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx (4)5-7(9) mm. long, rounded at the base, green, glandular-hairy; tube less than 5 to slightly more than 1/3 of the total calyx length; sepals up to 3·5 mm. broad at base, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, attenuate-cuspidate, pale green, glandular-hairy on both sides.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube (8)9-14 mm. long, 4-gonous in the part included into the calyx, contracted above the ovary in a slender subcylindrical tubular portion, then suddenly dilatate below the limb, membranaceous, pale yellow or pale pink, pilose and matt outside, somewhat shining and glabrous inside, somewhat innate and slightly rigid in fruit, splitting ready above the follicles and falling off; corolla-lobes 3-6 x 1·7-3·5(4) mm., obovate or broadly ovate, abruptly apiculate (apicule ± 0·75 mm.), rarely attenuate, pale yellow or greenish yellow to deep yellow, salmon, scarlet or deep orange.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included, insertedd above the middle of corolla-tube; filaments of lower stamens 0·5 mm., those of the upper ones 1·5 mm. long; anthers 0·5-0·75 mm. long, ovate, pale yellow, the upper ones c. 1·75-2 mm. below the mouth of corolla-tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles 5-8 mm. long, fusiform, attenuate above, pale; styles 0·5-0·75 mm. long.
Morphology General Scales
Scales 2·5-4·5 mm. long, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 0·5-0·75 mm. long, clavate, with longitudinal raised lines.

[FWTA]

Crassulaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A herb, to 4 ft. high
Ecology
Amongst rocks
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow to salmon-pink.

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous or glandular-pubescent annual or perennial herb, sometimes viscid, 0.2–1.5(–2) m. high; stem usually simple, rarely branched, usually 4-angled or ± narrowly winged at the base, glabrous below, glabrous or glandular-pubescent above.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, obovate, oblong-obovate to narrowly oblong or lanceolate, up to 15(–30) cm. long, 6(–9) cm. wide, apex acute or obtuse, base decurrent and semiamplexicaul, margins entire or sinuate to bluntly serrate or crenate, glabrous or shortly glandular-pubescent, papery to membranous, light to fresh green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 35(–50) cm. long, glandular-pubescent; pedicels 1–3(–10) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes ovate, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, 2.5–13 mm. long, 1.5–4.5 mm. wide, attenuate-cuspidate, connate at the base for 1–8(–11) mm., glandular-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla salmon-pink, orange-yellow or yellow, greenish yellow or pale green in the lower part of the tube; tube 8–15 mm. long; lobes obovate or broadly ovate, 2–6.5 mm. long, (1.1–)1.5–3.5(–4) mm. wide, distinctly mucronate (mucro 0.7–0.8 mm. long).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included within the corolla-tube; episepalous stamens 1–2 mm. below the epipetalous stamens; epipetalous stamens mostly up to 2.5 mm. included, rarely with the tip attaining the throat of the tube; anthers without apical glands or with globular or cylindrical projections which may be glands, both whorls nearly the same size, broadly oblong, (0.55–)0.7–0.8 mm. long, 0.4–0.55 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales linear, 2.5–4.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels fusiform, (5–) 6–9 mm. long, terminating in styles 0.5–1 (–1.5) mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 7.
Habitat
Open woodland, wooded grassland and grassy places, on sandy, loamy and heavy clay soils or on rocky ground, rarely epiphytic on trees; 250–2000 m.
Distribution
West Africa from Guinée to Cameroun eastwards to Ethiopia and Somalia, K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 T8

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe lanceolata (Forssk.) Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 3, 2008 Crawford, F. [42], Namibia K000450442
Apr 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [826], Cameroon K000337865
Apr 1, 1997 Buzgo, M. [656], Cameroon K000337868
Apr 1, 1997 Zapfack, L. [1120], Cameroon K000337867
Apr 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [796], Cameroon K000337869
Jan 1, 1976 Welwitsch [2485], Angola K000232731 isotype
Jan 1, 1976 Welwitsch [2484], Angola K000232732 isotype
Jan 1, 1976 Ellacombe [s.n.], Zambia K000232733 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1976 Ellacombe [s.n.], Zambia K000232734 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1976 Carson, A. [3], Tanzania K000232736 holotype
Jan 1, 1963 Holst, C. [8907], Tanzania K000232737 isotype
Jan 1, 1963 Brown, N.E. [s.n.] K000232765 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1963 Schimper [637 (in part)], Ethiopia K000232766
Jan 1, 1963 Schimper [904], Ethiopia K000232767 isotype
Dawkins, H.C. [641], Uganda 10529.000
Hepper, F.N. [6165], Yemen 39093.000
Hepper, F.N. [6165], Yemen 43441.000
Gillett, J.B. [13519], Kenya 8517.000
Mar 30, 2007 Röttler, J.P. [s.n.] Cotyledon hirsuta K000739532 syntype
Mar 30, 2007 Röttler, J.P. [s.n.] Cotyledon hirsuta K000739534
Baron, R. [4319], Madagascar Kalanchoe brachycalyx K000232882
Baron, R. [4319], Madagascar Kalanchoe brachycalyx K000232883
Greenway, P.J. [7974], Zambia Kalanchoe ellacombei 782.000

First published in Syn. Pl. 1: 446 (1805)

Accepted by

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Smith, G.F., Figueiredo, E. & van Wyk, A.E. (2019). Kalanchoe [Crassulaceae] in southern Africa: 1-328. Academic Press, Elsevier.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1987). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crassulaceae: 1-66.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berger in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 18A: 406 (1930).
  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 280.
  • R. Hamet in Bull. Herb. Boiss. Sér. 2, 8: 32 (1908)
  • Syn. 1: 446 (1805)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1999). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 13: 1-284. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Singh, N.P. & al. (eds.) (2002). Flora of Mizoram 1: 1-845. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Smith, G.F., Figueiredo, E. & van Wyk, A.E. (2019). Kalanchoe [Crassulaceae] in southern Africa: 1-328. Academic Press, Elsevier.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1987). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crassulaceae: 1-66.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 1 (1): 121, 122, 136 (1910)
  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3: 285 (1915).
  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 107 (1974).
  • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 180 (1950).
  • Berger in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 18a: 406 (1930).
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. Kenya: 31, photo. 155 (1982).
  • Cuf. in Webbia 19: 728 (1965).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 168 (1954).
  • DC., Prodr. 3: 395 (1828).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 79 (1950).
  • Greenway & FitzGerald in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 28 (130): 5 (1972).
  • Hutch. & Bruce in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1941: 88 (1941).
  • Jacobsen, Lex. Succ. Pl.: 286 (1974).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 118 (1954).
  • Morton in Comptes Rendu 4 Réun. AETFAT: 392, map 2 (1962).
  • Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 446 (1805).
  • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 53: 381 (1980).
  • R. Fernandes in Consp. Fl. Angol., Fam. 70: 17 (1982)
  • R. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 7: 42, t. 6 (1983).
  • Raadts in Willdenowia 8: 139 (1977).
  • Raym.-Hamet & Marn.-Lap. in Archiv. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. 7, 8: 77, photo. 26/86 & 27/87–88 (1964).
  • Raym.-Hamet in Bull. Herb. Boiss., sér. 2, 8: 32 (1908).
  • Toussaint in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 564 (1951).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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