1. Family: Crassulaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Kalanchoe Adans.
      1. Kalanchoe paniculata Harv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    A usually biennial completely glabrous succulent, up to 1·30 m. tall (incl. the inflorescence).
    Stem
    Stem 12-18 cm. long in the first year, with numerous subrosulate leaves, elongating in the second year into the floriferous stem with ± scattered leaves, stout, subquadrangular at the base, rigid, erect, simple.
    Leaves
    Lower subrosulate leaves very large, up to 24.5 cm. long (including the flat, up to 5 cm. long subpetiolar base) and 16 cm. broad, subcircular, broadly obovate or ovate-spathulate, rounded at the apex, attenuate or contracted below; cauline leaves decussate, in 2-4 pairs, smaller (the uppermost bract-like), oblong-ovate, sessile, decurrent, all entire, ± conduplicate (the lamina folded upwards), arched-reflexed, rather fleshy, rigid-coriaceous on drying.
    Flowers
    Flowers uniformly reddish-brown on drying, in dense, several times trichotomous cymes, forming a flat-topped corymb-like terminal inflorescence up to 38 cm. (or more) long and 40 cm. in diameter; main branches stout, straight, suberect; pedicels 4-7 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx green, rather shorter than the corolla; calyx-tube 1-2 mm. long; sepals 1-3·5 x 1·5-2·1 mm. deltate, acute.
    Corolla
    Corolla 11·5-14 mm. long; corolla-tube ±11 mm. long, broader (c. 3 mm. in diam.) near the base, distinctly 4-angled, the angles with a raised subrigid nerve at maturity prolonged along the lobes, narrowing successively towards the base of the limb and contracted there, yellow-green; corolla-lobes (2)2·5-3 x 1·5-2 mm., ovate, acute, apiculate, yellow-green or yellow outside, yellow or orange-yellow on the inner surface, erect but not connivent, finally reflexed or subreflexed.
    Stamens
    Filaments 2·1 or 2·9 mm. long; anthers 0·75-1 mm. long, oblong, the lower ones below the sinus between the corolla-lobes, the upper ones slightly exserted.
    Fruits
    Follicles 8-9 mm. long; styles 1-1-5 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 0·5-1 mm. long.
    Scales
    Scales 2-2·5 mm. long, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, emarginate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Kalanchoe paniculata Harv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bullock, A.A., Zambia 13857.000
    Zeyher [671], South Africa K000232854 Unknown type material
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000232857 Unknown type material

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 2: 380 (1862)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/