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  1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Desmoncus Mart.
      1. Desmoncus stans Grayum & Nevers

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Costa Rica.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Plants 1.3(0.5-2.3) m tall; stems 0.7(0.5-1.0) cm diameter, clustered. Leaf petioles 8.7(5.5-12.5) cm long; rachises 21.7(15.0-28.0) cm long, 2.4(1.7-3.3) mm wide, the spines usually >1 cm long, mostly adaxial or lateral, straight with briefly swollen bases; pinnae 5(4-6) per side of rachis, with long, filiform apices, without a beard of spines at the bases, with uneven surfaces at the bases adaxially, usually covered with spinules and/or dense tomentum; basal pinna 14.2(10.7-19.0) cm long, 3.7(2.4-4.3) cm wide; cirri absent, the rachis terminating beyond the distalmost, opposite pair of pinnae in a <1 cm long ?stub?, this with an easily broken, longer, smooth, brown extension. Inflorescences rachis absent (inflorescence spicate); peduncles 2.3(1.8-2.7) mm wide; peduncular bracts 14.4(12.3-18.0) cm long, narrow, ribbed, densely whitish-brown tomentose, not spiny; rachillae 1, brown tomentose initially, 2.5(1.8-3.0) cm long, 1.6(1.4-2.0) mm wide; stamens 6; fruits 13.3(12.8-13.7) mm long, 10.5(9.5-11.1) mm wide, the surfaces uneven with numerous, subepidermal, short, often branching (Y-shaped) fibers; fruiting corollas less than one quarter as long as fruits, splitting irregularly into 3 lobes, the lobes often splitting again; endocarps globose to obovoid with rounded or slightly peaked apices, the pores lateral.
    Distribution
    From 8°31'-8°46'N and 83°15'-83°36'W in the Osa Peninsula and adjacent areas in Costa Rica at 301(100-700) m elevation in lowland rainforest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica

    Other Data

    Desmoncus stans Grayum & Nevers appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1994 Vargas [1564], Costa Rica K000520369

    Bibliography

    First published in Principes 32: 106 (1988)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    • Henderson, A., A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) in Phytotaxa 35. 2011

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0