1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa pacifica Mez

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ecuador to Peru, Galápagos.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms 20-40 cm long. Lateral branches sparse. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 4-14 cm long; 4-9 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 4-6; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1.5-2.5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 3-6 cm long; pubescent. Rhachis angular; villous on surface. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 0.5-1.5 mm long; villous; tip discoid.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Upper glume surface pubescent; hairy below. Upper glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; pubescent; hairy below; attenuate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; mucronate. Principal lemma awn 0.2 mm long overall. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Tovar 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ecuador, Galápagos, Peru

    Eriochloa pacifica Mez appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Spruce, R. [6447], Ecuador K000201690 Unknown type material
    Spruce, R. [6446], Ecuador K000201691 Unknown type material
    Eggers, H. [15423], Ecuador K000643644

    First published in Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 125: 11 (1921)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0