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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit. to W. Iran and Eritrea.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous, erect perennial up to 57 cm tall; roots tuberous, ± woody
Morphology Stem
Stems succulent, terete
Morphology Leaves
Leaves orbicular and peltate at base, (1–)3–5(–9) cm across, undulate to crenate, with petioles of (3–)6–10 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence racemose, (8–)13–43(–57) × (1–)3–5(– 9) cm; bracts (2–)10–25(–65) × 2–6 mm, undulate to crenate, becoming reduced and graduating up the stem from peltate, orbicular to cuneate, suborbicular to spatulate to narrowly lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers ± pendulous or horizontally spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular, ± 1 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla greenish-white, urceolate or cylindrical; tube 4–6 × 2–4 mm; lobes ovate or lanceolate, 1–2 × 1 mm, emarginate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Follicle obtuse, ± 4 × 1 mm Seeds numerous, minute, ellipsoid, papillate.
Ecology
Crevices in limestone rocks; alt. 800–1500 m
Phenology
Apr.–May.
Distribution
Widespread, mainly in northern Iraq. Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, Arabia, Iran.
Note
Var. horizontalis with horizontally spreading flowers, cylindrical corolla tubes and lanceolate corolla lobes, is found in S Europe, Egypt, W Syria, and W Iran; not found in Iraq.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Mediterranean Region, SW Asia.
Morphology Roots
Rootstock subglobose, covered by fibrous roots
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaves peltate; petiole up to 10 cm long; blade up to 5 cm in diam., with crenate margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Raceme erect, up to at least 30 cm high, usually unbranched; flowers horizontal; pedicels up to 2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes lanceolate, c. 1.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla greenish-white, tubular, c. 6–7 mm long, with lanceolate acuminate lobes c. 1.5 mm long.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corse, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Oman, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Umbilicus horizontalis (Guss.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Burman, A. [41] 38572.000

First published in Prodr. 3: 400 (1828)

Accepted by

  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Bergmeier, E., Blockeel, T., Böhling, N., Fournaraki, C., Gotsiou, P., Jahn, R., Lansdown, R. & Turland, N. (2011). An inventory of the vascular plants and bryophytes of Gavdopoula island (S Aegean, Greece) and its phytogeographical significance Willdenowia 41: 179-189.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Gallo, L. (2014). Past presence of Sedum rubens and Umbilicus horizontalis (Crassulaceae) in the flora of Eritrea Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 291-293.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of Oman 2: 1-220. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Jalas, J., Suominen, J., Lampinen, R. & Kurtto, A.(eds.) (1999). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 12: 1-250.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • DC., Prodr. 3: 400 (1828).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Gallo, L. (2014). Past presence of Sedum rubens and Umbilicus horizontalis (Crassulaceae) in the flora of Eritrea Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 291-293.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Mateos, M.A. & Valdés, B. (2009). Catálogo de la flora vascular del Rif occidental calizo (N de Marruecos). I Selaginellaceae - Rosaceae Lagascalia 29: 105-257.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0