1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Dracunculus Mill.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia to SW. Turkey.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Diagnostic
    Seasonally dormant tuberous geophytes; petiole sheaths very long; leaf blade with reticulate fine venation; spadix with a long, smooth appendix, staminodes above male zone only weakly developed; flowers unisexual, perigone absent; gynoecium with apical and basal placentas. Differs from Helicodiceros in male zone of spadix contiguous with female zone, smooth spadix appendix and pedatifid leaf blades that are not spirally twisted upwards.
    General Description
    HABIT : large seasonally dormant herbs, tuber subglobose, stoloniferous as well in D. canariensis. LEAVES : few. PETIOLE : sheath very long, spotted or not, tightly convolute around peduncle forming substantial erect pseudostem. BLADE : deeply pedatifid; primary lateral veins of each lobe pinnate, forming submarginal collective vein, higher order venation reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : solitary, appearing with leaves. PEDUNCLE : shorter than petiole. SPATHE : marcescent, constricted, tube with convolute margins, erect, thick-walled, oblong-ellipsoid, shorter than blade, blade ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, expanded, deep purple or white, eventually bent backwards. SPADIX : subequal to spathe, female zone ± sessile, cylindric to conic, contiguous with male zone, male zone ellipsoid-cylindric, separated from appendix by a short zone of subulate staminodes, appendix long, long-stipitate, then elongate-conoid. FLOWERS : unisexual, perigone absent. MALE FLOWER : 3-4-androus, stamens quadrate, filaments distinct, connate at base, connective slender and prominulent, thecae shortly ellipsoid, dehiscing by apical pore. POLLEN : extruded in strands, inaperturate, ellipsoid to spheroidal, medium-sized (mean 45 µm.), exine verrucate. FEMALE FLOWER : ovary ellipsoid, 1-locular, ovules few, orthotropous, placentae apical and basal, style shortly conic, stigma hemispheric. BERRY : obovoid, few-seeded, red-orange. SEED : globose-ovoid, testa rugose, embryo axile, short, endosperm copious.
    Habitat
    Temperate and warm temperate scrub, woodland, macchie, olive groves, chestnut forest; geophytes, under trees and shrubs.
    Distribution
    Macaronesia, S. Europe to SW. Turkey.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corse, East Aegean Is., Greece, Italy, Kriti, Madeira, Sardegna, Sicilia, Turkey, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    France, Portugal

    Dracunculus Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0