1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca cleefiana E.B.Alexeev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 3000 - 4500 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Cataphylls inconspicuous. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; of moderate stature; straight; 70-100 cm long; 2 -noded; with 0.33 of their length below uppermost node; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; smooth. Culm-nodes without exudate; glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal; 0-1 per branch. Leaf-sheaths tight; unthickened at base; open for most of their length; without keel; striately veined; smooth. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-2.5 mm long; membranous; white; entire; obtuse. Leaf-blade base symmetrical. Leaf-blades straight; filiform; conduplicate; circular in section; 15-30 cm long; 0.55-0.65 mm wide; coriaceous; flaccid; yellowish green, or mid-green. Leaf-blade midrib indistinct. Leaf-blade venation indistinct; comprising 7 vascular bundles; with 5 inner ridges; with subepidermal sclerenchyma strands similar in size; with subepidermal sclerenchyma attached to veins above and below; with unevenly thickened subepidermal sclerenchyma layer on the underside, or with continuous uniform subepidermal sclerenchyma layer on the underside. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or hirsute; densely hairy. Leaf-blade margins smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; with 1 peduncles per sheath. Peduncle terete; eglandular; glabrous. Panicle open; ovate, or pyramidal; continuous; dense, or loose; straight; 11-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading; moderately divided, or profusely divided; 3-7 cm long; naked below, or bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches straight, or arcuate; smooth. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-6(-7) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8-11 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-6(-7) fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8-11 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar, or dissimilar; subequal in width; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-6.5 mm long; 0.75-0.85 length of upper glume; coriaceous; dark brown; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface smooth. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-5.7 mm long; 0.9-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; dark green; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; symmetrical; 5.5-5.7 mm long; chartaceous; mid-green, or light green; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn stiff; 0.8-1.5 mm long overall. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous; with 0.33 of their length adorned. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3; 2.3-2.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; sulcate on hilar side. Hilum linear; 0.75 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Stancik 2005.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Festuca cleefiana E.B.Alexeev appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 68: 1548 (1984)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0