1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca glumosa Hack. ex E.B.Alekseev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Ecuador.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 4000 - 4500 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Cataphylls inconspicuous. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; slender; straight; 25-45 cm long; 1-2 -noded; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; antrorsely scabrous. Culm-nodes without exudate; glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal; 0-2 per branch. Leaf-sheaths tight; unthickened at base; open for most of their length; mostly shorter than adjacent culm internode; without keel; striately veined; smooth, or scaberulous. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long; 0.7-1 mm long on basal shoots; membranous; white; bilobed; obtuse. Leaf-blade base symmetrical. Leaf-blades straight, or curved; filiform; conduplicate; angular in section; 7-15 cm long; 0.8-1.2 mm wide; herbaceous; stiff, or firm; glaucous. Leaf-blade midrib indistinct. Leaf-blade venation indistinct; comprising 7(-11) vascular bundles; with 3-5(-7) inner ridges; with 7 subepidermal sclerenchyma strands; with subepidermal sclerenchyma strands similar in size; with subepidermal sclerenchyma free from veins; without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough abaxially; puberulous; moderately hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; with 1 peduncles per sheath. Peduncle terete; eglandular; glabrous. Panicle open, or contracted; linear, or lanceolate; continuous; dense; straight; 7-20 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches appressed; sparsely divided; 1.5-3.5 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8.5-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8.5-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar, or dissimilar; subequal in width; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-6.5 mm long; 0.5-0.9 length of upper glume; membranous, or coriaceous; much thinner on margins; pallid, or light brown, or purple; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface smooth, or asperulous; rough above. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume oblong; 7-8.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; with membranous margins; pallid, or light green, or purple; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous; rough above. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; symmetrical; 7-8.5 mm long; chartaceous; pallid, or mid-green, or purple; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex emarginate, or acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn stiff; 0.8-1.5 mm long overall. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous; adorned all along. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3; 0.5-0.8 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; sulcate on hilar side. Hilum linear; 0.66 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Stancik 2005.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador

    Festuca glumosa Hack. ex E.B.Alekseev appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 69: 1549 (1984)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0