1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca sodiroana Hack. ex E.B.Alekseev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Ecuador.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2500 - 4000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely, or moderately. Cataphylls inconspicuous. Rhizomes short; fleshy; not obviously scaly. Basal innovations extravaginal, or intravaginal. Culms erect; of moderate stature; straight, or curved; 70-150 cm long; 2-3 mm diam.; 3-4 -noded; with 0.5-0.66 of their length below uppermost node; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete. Culm-nodes without exudate; glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves basal and cauline; 3-5 per branch. Leaf-sheaths tight; unthickened at base; open for most of their length; without keel; striately veined; smooth; pilose. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long; membranous; translucent, or white; entire; truncate. Leaf-blade base symmetrical. Leaf-blades straight, or flexuous; linear in section; 15-30 cm long; 4-9 mm wide; flaccid; mid-green, or dark green. Leaf-blade midrib indistinct, or evident. Leaf-blade venation distinct; with subepidermal sclerenchyma strands similar in size; with subepidermal sclerenchyma attached to veins above and below; without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough on both sides; glabrous, or puberulous; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; with 1 peduncles per sheath. Peduncle terete; eglandular; glabrous. Panicle open; elliptic; continuous; loose; secund; straight; 15-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading; moderately divided; 5-10 cm long; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle branches straight, or arcuate; scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7.5-9(-10) mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7.5-9(-10) mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes scaberulous. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; subequal in width; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume linear; 1.3-1.8 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of upper glume; coriaceous; pallid, or light green; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface smooth. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.2-3 mm long; 0.4-0.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; pallid, or light green, or mid-green; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; symmetrical; 5-6.3 mm long; coriaceous; pallid, or light green; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex muticous. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous; adorned all along. Palea apex emarginate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.9-1.4 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; sulcate on hilar side. Hilum linear; 0.66-0.75 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Stancik 2005.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador

    Festuca sodiroana Hack. ex E.B.Alekseev appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 2001 Spruce, R. [5938], Ecuador K000201341
    Apr 1, 2001 Spruce, R. [5938], Ecuador K000201342

    First published in Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 69: 1545 (1984)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0