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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, N. Yemen, India to W. Malesia, Central & S. Tropical America.
Cardamine africana

[FZ]

Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Slender perennial herb up to 40–60 cm. tall, stems often rooting at the nodes, sparsely pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves trifoliolate, petiolate, petioles slender, up to 5–10 cm. long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, leaflets up to 4 x 3 cm., ovate to ovate-lanceolate, apex acute to rounded, margins crenate-dentate, base truncate, rounded or slightly cordate, sparsely pubescent or strigulose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, greenish-white or greenish-yellow, pedicellate, pedicels up to 4 mm. long, in corymbose racemes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2–3 x 1–1.5 mm., suberect, obovate-oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, 5 x 1.5 mm., narrowly oblanceolate or cuneate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Silique 25–45 x 1.5–2 mm., straight, linear, flattened, tapering gradually, with pedicel 3–12 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.8–2 x 1.2–1.5 mm., flattened-ellipsoid, brownish.

[FWTA]

Cruciferae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A weak herb, 1–2 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
White flowers.

[FTEA]

Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, with single or clustered shoots arising from a rhizome.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect or ascending, often basally rooting, unbranched or with a few branches below the middle, 5–80 cm. high, often with elongate internodes, basally glabrous or finely pubescent, upwards glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves tripartite, with long petioles, which are clasping, non-auricuate, usually hispidulous, 5–95 mm. long; leaflets broadly to narrowly ovate, acuminate (rarely obtuse), cuneate to truncate, serrate to crenate, usually sparsely strigose on both surfaces, whitish green beneath; terminal leaflet 8–72 mm. long, with a 1–22 mm. long petiole; lateral leaflets 3–64 mm. long, basally oblique, sessile or with up to 11 mm. long petioles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes with 5–20 flowers on 4–11 mm. long peduncles, in fruit condensed or lax, 2–16 cm. long; pedicels ascending, 4–30 mm. long with nearly erect siliqua.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals green with white margins, elliptic, 1.4–4.5 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white to pale violet, spathulate, broadly obtuse, at least twice as long as the sepals, 3.2–9 mm. long and ± 1/3 as broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, with linear basally widening filaments; anthers ± 1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary cylindrical, with a short narrower style and a rather flat stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Siliqua glabrous, linear, 23–56 mm. long, 1.3–2.5 mm. broad, tapered towards the style, which is 0.6–1.4 mm. long and ± 0.4 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reddish brown, broadly elliptic or oblong in outline, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, 1.0–1.5 mm. broad, minutely rugose.
Habitat
Montane forest, often in clearings or along roads and paths, damp shady places; 1000–3400 m.
Distribution
Central and tropical South America.widespread in elevated parts of Africa from Ethiopia southwards to South Africa (Cape Province) and westwards to Mt. Cameroon, K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 1400 - 3000 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chile South, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Free State, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Honduras, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Maluku, New Guinea, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Venezuela, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Peru

Cardamine africana L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2000 Onana, J.-M. [544], Cameroon K000337521
Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [2977], Cameroon K000337522
Jan 1, 1993 Cheek, M. [3710], Cameroon K000540107
Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [391], Cameroon K000540167
Jan 1, 1960 Morton, J.K. [828], Cameroon K000105646
Thomas, D.W. [3000], Cameroon K000105649
Richards, P.W. [5317], Cameroon K000105643
Spruce, R. [5378], Ecuador K000201408
Morton, J.K. [7113], Cameroon K000105647
Maitland, T.D. [1345], Cameroon K000105645
Brenan, J.P.M. [2148], Cameroon K000105644
Brenan, J.P.M. [9352], Cameroon K000105642
Ekman, E. L. [18502], Cuba Cardamine porphyrophylla K000076242 isotype

First published in Sp. Pl.: 655 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Julien, H.R. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1980). Flore des Mascareignes 31-50: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2020). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 4(2): 1-524. Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. & De Wilde, W.J.J.O. (eds.) (1984-1989). Flora Malesiana 10: 1-748. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Schulz in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 32: 414 (1902).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 60

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2020). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 4(2): 1-524. Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. & De Wilde, W.J.J.O. (eds.) (1984-1989). Flora Malesiana 10: 1-748. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 260 (1915).
  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 18 (1847).
  • Agnew & Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 97, fig. (1974).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 153 (1954).
  • De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 1: 147 (1921)
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile A: 123 (1895)
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 183 (1895).
  • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 226 (1892).
  • Exell in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 189 (1960).
  • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 129: 124 (1976).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 98 (1954).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 655 (1753).
  • Marais in Flora of Southern Africa 13: 100 (1970).
  • Muschler in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 220 (1911).
  • O.E. Schulz in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 32: 414 (1903).
  • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 60 (1868).
  • Robyns & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 535 (1951).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 215 (1948).
  • Sond. in Fl. Cap 1: 23 (1860).
  • Th. Dur. & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 1: 80 (1898).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/