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This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical Northern Hemisphere to Old World Tropical Mountains.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual to 20 cm high or more
Morphology Stem
Stems glabrous or sparsely hairy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous or hairy above, pinnate with a terminal leaflet and 2–6 pairs of smaller lateral leaflets, the lower in a rosette with reniform terminal leaflet and rounded lateral leaflets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes without bracts, elongating in fruit; pedicels ascending, 3–8 mm long in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals longer than the sepals, c. 2–3 mm long, white, spathulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Siliqua erect, linear, straight, 12–27 x c. 1 mm; style c. 0.5–1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 1 x 0.8 mm.
Distribution
N2 East Africa, almost cosmopolitan.
Ecology
Altitude range: about 1550 m.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 3250 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FWTA]

Cruciferae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Small annual, often much-branched or tufted at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white.

[FTEA]

Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Usually annual, branching from the base but not or very sparsely above (occasionally perennating and then branched above and devoid of leaf-rosette).
Morphology Stem
Stems erect or (in tall specimens) curving, 5–30 cm. high, glabrous or with scattered hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaves forming a distinct rosette, cauline leaves rather few; all leaves pinnatipartite, with a terminal and 2–6 pairs of lateral leaflets, 1.5–10 cm. long (including petiole); petiole not auriculate, with a few straight hairs at its base; leaflets rhombic, ovate, orbicular or reniform, truncate to broadly cuneate (in upper leaves also narrowly cuneate), entire to deeply crenate, occasionally with secondary lobes, glabrous or with scattered hairs; terminal leaflet 5–15 mm. long, 3–20 mm. broad, distinctly petioled, the lateral ones oblique, 2–10 mm. long, 2–11 mm. broad, nearly sessile or with a petiole up to the length of the leaflet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes terminal, very dense, with several small whitish flowers, in fruit rather lax (up to ± 10 cm. long); pedicels in fruit ascending, 3–8 mm. long, with erect siliquae overtopping the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals green with narrow white margins, oblong, obtuse, ± 1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, narrowly spathulate, usually 2–3 mm. long (rarely absent).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6–4; anthers ± 0.4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary cylindrical, with a very short style narrower than the ovary, and a flat stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Siliqua glabrous, linear, 12–27 mm. long, ± 1 mm. broad, with a 0.5–1 mm. long and ± 0.4 mm. broad style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reddish brown with a vestigial wing, broadly oblong to suborbicular in outline, ± 1 mm. long and 0.8 mm. broad, minutely colliculate.
Habitat
Slightly moist, rather open ground; 300–4600 m.
Distribution
elsewhere native at least to Europe, widespread more or less as a weed over most cultivated parts of the world K3 K4 T2 T3 U2 U3

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Borneo, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canary Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Gabon, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Krym, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Malaya, Manchuria, Mauritius, Morocco, Myanmar, Netherlands, New Guinea, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alabama, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Bangladesh, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, Christmas I., Colombia, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Falkland Is., Florida, Georgia, Haiti, Illinois, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Louisiana, Macquarie Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Territory, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Queensland, Réunion, South Australia, South Carolina, South Georgia, Taiwan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia

Cardamine hirsuta L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2011 Day, C.D. [30], Turkey K000341542
Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3078], Cameroon K000337520
Dec 1, 2000 Asongani, J.N. [1308], Cameroon K000337519
Jan 1, 1993 Cheek, M. [3669], Cameroon K000540122
Henry, A. [1313], China K000697729
Cooley, G.E. [s.n.], Alaska K000077448
Cope, T.A. [RBG 325], Great Britain K000914146
Dalavay, J.M. [1839], Yunnan K000697728
Dalavay, J.M. [1839], Yunnan K000697730
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4781], India K001039884

First published in Sp. Pl.: 655 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Alatanzhula & al. (2018). New information of Angiosperm plants in Inner Mongolia Guihaia 38: 1463-1470.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspectus Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of North America North of Mexico 7: 1-797. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Mateos, M.A. & Valdés, B. (2009). Catálogo de la flora vascular del Rif occidental calizo (N de Marruecos). I Selaginellaceae - Rosaceae Lagascalia 29: 105-257.
  • Rodríguez, R., Grau, J., Baeza, C. & Davies, A. (2008). Lista comentada de las plantas vasculares de los Nevados de Chillan, Chile Gayana. Botánica 65: 153-197.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Morat, P. (ed.) (1997). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 21: 1-121. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1984). Flora of Bhutan 1(2): 189-462. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • (1982). Flora of Australia 8: 1-420. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
  • Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (eds.) (1980). Flora of Iraq 4(2): 628-1199. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Julien, H.R. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1980). Flore des Mascareignes 31-50: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

Not accepted by

  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST. [Cited as Cardamine flexuosa.]

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Schulz in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 32: 464 (1902).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 61

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Heenman, P.B. (2017). A taxonomic revision of Cardamine L. (Brassicaceae) in New Zealand Phytotaxa 330: 1-154.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of North America North of Mexico 7: 1-797. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Rodríguez, R., Grau, J., Baeza, C. & Davies, A. (2008). Lista comentada de las plantas vasculares de los Nevados de Chillan, Chile Gayana. Botánica 65: 153-197.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Morat, P. (ed.) (1997). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 21: 1-121. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. & De Wilde, W.J.J.O. (eds.) (1984-1989). Flora Malesiana 10: 1-748. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • (1982). Flora of Australia 8: 1-420. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Julien, H.R. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1980). Flore des Mascareignes 31-50: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Hedge, J. & Rechinger, K.H. (1968). Flora Iranica 57: 1-372. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 129: 124 (1976).
  • Agnew & Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 97 (1974).
  • Marais in Flora of Southern Africa 13: 101 (1970).
  • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 92 (1957).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 153 (1954).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 98 (1954).
  • Robyns & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi,2: 538 (1951).
  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (1): 260 (1915).
  • Muschler in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 220 (1911).
  • O.E. Schulz in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 32: 464 (1903).
  • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile A: 123 (1895)
  • Engl., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 184 (1895).
  • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 225 (1892)
  • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 61 (1868).
  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 19 (1847).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 655 (1753).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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