1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Genus: Cardamine L.
      1. Cardamine obliqua Hochst. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Tanzania, Mexico to Ecuador.

    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Perennial herb, with single to numerous shoots arising from a creeping rhizome.
    Stem
    Stems 10–120 cm. long, decumbent to ascending or nearly erect, basally often much branched, rooting, persistent, often with sprouting new shoots, glabrous to densely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnate, oblong in outline, 2–17 cm. long, 1–6 cm. broad, with long (in the uppermost short) non-clasping petioles, glabrous to densely hispidulous; rosette and cauline leaves with leaflets of similar shape, only in the uppermost narrower; leaflets elliptic to suborbicular in outline, obtuse to acute, truncate to cuneate, entire to coarsely dentate or incised (in vigorous specimens occasionally with secondary leaflets); terminal leaflet usually larger than the laterals, petioled; lateral leaflets sessile or with up to 20 mm. long petioles in 2–5 pairs.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes mostly terminal with 5–30 flowers on 2–5 mm. long pedicels, in fruit elongate with ascending 10–20 mm. long pedicels with ± erect siliquae.
    Calyx
    Sepals green to purplish with white margins, 2–4 mm. long, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals white, pink or violet, spathulate, obtuse, at least twice as long as the sepals.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, the longer filaments broadly linear, the shorter widening basally; anthers 1–1.5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary cylindrical, with a short narrow style and rather flat stigma.
    Fruits
    Siliqua glabrous, linear, 14–60 mm. long, 1–2.1 mm. broad, tapered towards the style, which is 1.8–4 mm. long and 0.5–0.8 mm. broad.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish brown, suborbicular to oblong in outline, 1.2–2.2 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad, finely rugose.
    Habitat
    In moist forest, moors, on shores of lakes and streams (montane forest to alpine belts); 2000–4900 m.
    Distribution
    also on the Zaire and Rwanda side of the Ruwenzori and Virunga Mts. and in the Ethiopian highlands K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T6 T7 U2 U3
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2150 - 3000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Venezuela, Zaïre

    Cardamine obliqua Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1988 Townsend, C.C. [2210], Kenya K000332960
    Mar 1, 1988 Townsend, C.C. [2253], Kenya K000332961
    Mar 1, 1988 Townsend, C.C. [2442], Kenya K000332962
    Jan 1, 1979 Bally, P.R.O. [2798], Kenya K000332966
    Jan 1, 1979 Schimper [989], Ethiopia K000230709 isotype
    Jan 1, 1979 Dent [1310], Kenya K000332970
    Jan 1, 1978 Thulin, M. [s.n.], Kenya K000332971
    Jan 1, 1953 Hedberg, O. [862], Kenya K000332968
    Jan 1, 1953 Rob, E. [1376], Kenya K000332967
    Greenway, P.J. [15094], Kenya K000332963
    Bally, P.R.O. [28], Kenya K000332969
    Bogdan, A. [5146], Kenya K000332965
    Schimper [989], Ethiopia K000230711
    Schimper [15], Ethiopia K000230710
    Coe, M. [743], Kenya K000332964
    Jan 1, 1963 Hinton, B. [6080], Mexico Cardamine obliqua var. stylosa K000485041 isotype
    Goudot [s.n.], Colombia Cardamine tolimensis K000485014

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 19 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 129: 125 (1976).
    • Agnew & Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 97 (1974).
    • Hedb. in Acta Phytogeogr. Suec. 49 (1964).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 92 (1957).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 153 (1954).
    • Robyns & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 536 (1951).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 216 (1948).
    • O.E. Schulz in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 9: 1106 (1927).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 260 (1915).
    • Muschler in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 220 (1911).
    • O.E. Schulz in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 32: 517 (1903).
    • Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 1: 75 (1867).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 19 (1847).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0