1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Genus: Cardamine L.
      1. Cardamine trichocarpa Hochst. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Cameroon to Ethiopia and Tanzania, KwaZulu-Natal, India to Assam, Sri Lanka.

    [FWTA]

    Cruciferae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Weakly erect annual herb.
    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual herb with a taproot, unbranched or profusely branched from the base upwards.
    Stem
    Stems erect or ascending 5–50 cm. high, glabrous or sparsely pubescent.
    Leaves
    Rosette and cauline leaves similar, pinnatipartite, with a terminal and 1–5 pairs of lateral leaflets, 1–15 cm. long (including petiole), oblong in outline, not auriculate, moderately strigose; leaflets ovate, serrate to crenate, the terminal one 5–38 mm. long with 3–12 mm. long petiole, the lateral ones 5–48 mm. long with 0.4–5.4 mm. long petioles.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes mostly terminal on long branches or main stem, very dense with numerous minute greenish often cleistogamous flowers, in fruit condensed to very lax (up to 20 cm. long), but even then with a dense terminal fascicle of erect to ascending siliquae overtopping the flowers; lower pedicels in fruit 1.4–7 mm. long, with spreading to divaricate siliquae.
    Calyx
    Sepals oblong, 0.7–2 mm. long, green with scattered hairs.
    Corolla
    Petals shorter than sepals or absent.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4 (all median); anthers ± 0.5 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary oblong to cylindrical, with a practically sessile stigma.
    Fruits
    Siliqua with scattered hairs (rarely glabrous), linear, 8–26 mm. long, 0.5–1.7 mm. broad, tapered towards the style, which is 0.5–1.3 mm. long and ± 0.3 mm. broad.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish brown, broadly oblong in outline, ± 1.5 mm. long and 0.8 mm. broad, minutely rugose.
    Figures
    Fig. 13, p. 41.
    Habitat
    Open somewhat moist ground, clearings, roadsides, apparently increasingly spreading as a weed; 950–3000 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K6 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Burundi, Cameroon, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Cardamine trichocarpa Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2002 Lane, P. [220], Cameroon K000008453
    Sep 1, 2002 Ghogue, J.-P. [495], Cameroon K000008452
    Dec 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [283], Cameroon K000337517
    Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [362], Cameroon K000540166
    Jan 1, 1978 Schimper [1628], Ethiopia K000230703 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1969 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6968], Cameroon K000105641
    Jan 1, 1960 Morton, J.K. [954], Cameroon K000105633
    Morton, J.K. [515], Cameroon K000105639
    Maitland, T.D. [216], Cameroon K000105635
    Maitland, T.D. [1237], Cameroon K000105638
    Schimper [1162], Ethiopia K000230704 Unknown type material
    Schimper [1352], Ethiopia K000230707
    Schimper [1352], Ethiopia K000230705
    Schimper [s.n.], Ethiopia K000230706
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9586], Cameroon K000105634
    Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000230708
    Migeod, F. [227], Cameroon K000105636
    Migeod, F. [228], Cameroon K000105640
    Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30397], Cameroon K000105637

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 18 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 214.
    • Schulz in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 32: 462
    • F.T.A. 1: 60
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 129: 125 (1976).
    • Agnew & Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 97, fig. (1974).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 153 (1954).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 98 (1954).
    • Robyns & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 538 (1951).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 217 (1948).
    • A. Chev., Fl. Viv. 1: 214 (1939).
    • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 51 (1937).
    • O.E. Schulz in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 9: 1105 (1927).
    • De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 1: 147 (1921).
    • Muschler in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 220 (1911).
    • O.E. Schulz in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 32: 462 (1903).
    • Th. Dur. & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 1: 82 (1898).
    • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 25 (1896).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile A: 95, 108 (1895)
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 183 (1895).
    • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 225 (1892).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 60 (1868).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 18 (1847).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0