1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Genus: Crambe L.
      1. Crambe hispanica L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Medit. to W. Iran.

    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual herb.
    Stem
    Stems erect, furrowed, (20–)40–150 cm. high, branched in upper parts, basally densely hispid, upwards with more scattered hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves densely to moderately hairy on both surfaces; lower and median leaves petiolate, lyrate-pinnate, 4–13 cm. long; terminal lobe large, ovate to acutely ovate (outside E. Africa also reniform), truncate to cordate (rarely cuneate); lateral lobes much smaller (sometimes reduced), in 1–2 pairs, elliptic, usually 0.5–2 cm. long; upper leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, simple, acutely ovate to rhombic; margins serrate to biserrate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes with numerous small white flowers, in fruit lax, usually with several side branches, sparsely hairy or glabrous, up to 40 cm. long; pedicels ascending to erect, 4–9 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals green with narrow margins, elliptic, 1.5–3 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals white, spathulate to almost clawed, with limb expanded, 2.5–5.8 mm. long, and ± half as broad.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2–3 mm. long; anthers 0.7–0.8 mm.; filaments linear, median ones denticulate.
    Ovary
    Upper segment of ovary ellipsoid, broader than and 3–4 times as long as the lower.
    Fruits
    Nutlet spherical, smooth, 2.2–5 mm. in diameter, with a smooth yellow-brown seed; lower fruit segment and gynophore indistinctly demarcated, together 0.7–1.5 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Grassland, open ground, lava-fields, various kinds of disturbed ground, sometimes a weed of cultivation; 1200–2600 m.
    Distribution
    Mediterranean area and the Middle East eastwards to Iranin tropical Africa from Eritrea southwards to Tanzania, Rwanda and easternmost Zaire K1 K3 K4 K6 T2 U2 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Cyprus, Greece, Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:

    Italy, Sardegna, Sicilia

    Introduced into:

    Central European Rus, KwaZulu-Natal

    Crambe hispanica L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1975 Schimper [1918], Ethiopia K000230258
    Jan 1, 1975 Schimper, W. [513], Ethiopia K000230257 Unknown type material

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 671 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Hand, R. (ed.) (2015). Supplementary notes to the flora of Cyprus VIII Willdenowia 45: 245-259.
    • Özhatay, F.N., Kültür, S. & Gürdal, M.B. (2011). Check-list of additional taxa to the supplement Flora of Turkey V Turkish Journal of Botany 35: 589-624.
    • Yildiztugay, E., Küçüködük, Özel, M. & Özdemir, C. (2009). A new record for the flora of Turkey: Crambe hispanica L. (Brassicaceae) Turkish Journal of Botany 33: 227-230.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Jalas, J., Suominen, J. & Lampinen, R. (eds.) (1996). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 11: 1-310.
    • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
    • Hedge, J. & Rechinger, K.H. (1968). Flora Iranica 57: 1-372. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Yildiztugay, E., Küçüködük, Özel, M. & Özdemir, C. (2009). A new record for the flora of Turkey: Crambe hispanica L. (Brassicaceae) Turkish Journal of Botany 33: 227-230.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Jalas, J., Suominen, J. & Lampinen, R. (eds.) (1996). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 11: 1-310.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 129: 126 (1976).
    • Agnew & Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 95 (1974).
    • De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 1: 146 (1921).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 261 (1915), pro parte.
    • Th. Dur. & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 1 (2): 149 (1898).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 138 (1895), pro parte.
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 71 (1868).
    • Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 1: 269 (1867).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 24 (1847).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 671 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0