1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Genus: Crambe L.
      1. Crambe kilimandscharica O.E.Schulz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to E. DR Congo.

    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual herb of very variable size and habit.
    Stem
    Stems usually erect and branched only in upper parts (in low plants also ascending and branched from the base), furrowed, 15–120 cm. high, densely hispid especially below (rarely practically glabrous).
    Leaves
    Leaves densely hairy on both surfaces (rarely almost glabrous); lower and median leaves petiolate, incised to lyrate-pinnate; terminal lobe large, acutely ovate to rhombic, cuneate (rarely truncate), 5–11 cm. long, 3–8 cm. broad in well developed plants; lateral lobes much smaller, in 1-few pairs, free or ± connected with each other and the end lobe; leaf-margins biserrate; upper leaves narrowly rhombic to lanceolate, serrate, almost sessile.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes with numerous very small whitish flowers, in fruit lax, usually with several side branches, hairy, up to 30 cm. long; pedicels ascending to erect, 2.5–8 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals green with white margins, elliptic, 1.5–2.3 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals white, narrowly spathulate, equalling or shorter than sepals, 1–2.5 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2–3 mm. long; anthers 0.4–0.7 mm. long; filaments linear, not denticulate.
    Ovary
    Upper segment of ovary ellipsoid, slightly broader than and ± 6 times as long as the lower.
    Fruits
    Nutlet spheroidal to broadly ellipsoid, distinctly reticulate to rugose, 2.5–4 mm. long, 2.2–3.3 mm. broad, with a yellowish brown finely rugose seed; lower fruit segment 0.2–0.6 mm. long, usually equalling but sometimes considerably longer than the gynophore.
    Figures
    Fig. 4, p. 14.
    Habitat
    Grassland, forest clearings, various kinds of disturbed ground, often a weed of cultivations; 1200–3400 m.
    Distribution
    montane areas of eastern Zaire K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 U1 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Crambe kilimandscharica O.E.Schulz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1976 Volkens, G. [1706], Tanzania K000230255 isosyntype

    First published in Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 119: 54 (1916)

    Accepted by

    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Not accepted by

    • Jalas, J., Suominen, J. & Lampinen, R. (eds.) (1996). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 11: 1-310. [Cited as Crambe abyssinica.]

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 129: 126 (1976).
    • Troupin, Syll. Fl. Rwanda: 43 (1973).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 151 (1954).
    • Robyns & Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 527 (1951).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 212 (1948).
    • O.E. Schulz in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 9: 1104 (1927).
    • O.E. Schulz in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 105, 70: 245, fig. 31 (1919)
    • O.E. Schulz in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 54, Beibl. 119: 54 (1916)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0