1. Family: Stemonuraceae Kårehed
    1. Medusanthera Seem.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical and Pacific..

    [KBu]

    Utteridge, T.M.A. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 49. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9266-z

    Type
    Type species: M. vitiensis Seem.
    Habit
    Dioecious trees
    Indumentum
    Indumentum of short simple hairs
    Branches
    Branches terete
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, subdistichous, margins entire, pinnately veined; stipules lacking; petiolate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1 (– 3) per axil, compound racemose or umbellate, ultimate branches ending in a cyme or irregular cyme; pedicels short, bracteate, articulated at the base of the calyx
    Flowers
    Pistillate flowers as staminate except buds cucullate, staminodes with shorter filaments, usually glabrous, anthers sterile and indistinct; ovary cylindrical, glabrous, with a distinct lateral swelling, unilocular with 2 pendant apical ovules; stigma sessile, subcapitate Staminate flowers pentamerous rarely tetramerous, buds clavate, calyx gamosepalous, usually glabrous; petals valvate seemingly fused in bud but free, white, cream coloured or light yellowish green white, glabrous; filaments flattened and fleshy hairy to densely hairy with numerous linear, clavate membranous hairs halfway along the filament to immediately below the anthers; anthers elliptic-oblong, dehiscing introrsely; pistillode ovoid, glabrous
    Fruits
    Fruits drupaceous, narrowly elliptic to broadly oblong, truncate at the base, apex truncate to cuneate, glabrous, laterally compressed, flat or curved, the concave side bearing a large fleshy yellow, pink or white pulviniform appendage superficial to the thin sarcocarp, convex side with a central ridge with several smaller ridges on either side
    Seeds
    Seed 1, pendent, endosperm abundant, embryo minute.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bismarck Archipelago, Caroline Is., Fiji, Malaya, Maluku, New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand

    Medusanthera Seem. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Stevens, P.F. [NGF 50485], New Guinea 25835.001

    First published in J. Bot. 2: 74 (1864)

    Accepted by

    • Utteridge, T.M.A. (2011). A revision of the genus Medusanthera (Stemonuraceae, Icacinaceae s.l.) Kew Bulletin 66: 49-81. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

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    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0