1. Family: Pinaceae Spreng. ex F.Rudolphi
    1. Genus: Pinus L.
      1. Pinus quadrifolia Parl. ex Sudw.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. California to Mexico (N. Baja California).

    [EDGE]

    Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

    Conservation
    Pinus quadrifolia is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -8.21, which places it in position 940 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 5.45, ranked 730. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    California, Mexico Northwest

    Pinus quadrifolia Parl. ex Sudw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2012 Goldman, D.H. [3293], USA K000554701
    Mar 1, 2010 Gernandt, D.S. [405], USA K000554556
    Dec 1, 2009 Hall, H.M. [2139], USA K000340674
    Dec 1, 2009 Duran, V. [3495], USA K000340673
    Nov 1, 1994 Wiggins, I.L. [5052], Mexico K000341179

    First published in Bull. Div. Forest. U.S.D.A. 14: 17 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Farjon, A. (2010). A handbook of the world's Conifers 2: 533-1111. BRILL, Leiden, Boston.
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    EDGE Gymnosperms
    EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0