1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris barronis L.H.Bailey

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to Colombia. It is used for food.

    [PW]

    ,,http://www.palmweb.org/?q=cdm_dataportal/reference/fb86023c-7236-4053-83c0-7d993a3b33c6,

    General Description
    Stems cespitose, forming dense clumps, 2- 8 m tall, 3.5-8 cm diam., the internodes prominently spiny. Leaves 4-9; leaf spines mostly solitary and scattered, black, slightly flattened, to 12 cm long, dense on sheath and proximal, lateral surfaces of petiole; sheath 30-84 cm long; ocrea not seen; petiole 14-57 cm long; rachis 0.7- 2.6 m long; pinnae 31-45 per side, usually regularly arranged and spreading in the same plane,occasionally irregular or with gaps, linear to linearlanceolate, conspicuously cross-veined, spiny on margins; middle pinnae 47- 82 x 1.5-6 cm. Inflorescencesinterfoliar; peduncle (9-)16-25 cm long, strongly recurved and flattened, spinulose; prophyll 6-19 cm long; peduncular bract 18- 51 cm long, covered with dense black spines to 1(- 2) cm long; rachis 3- 8(- 17)cm long; rachillae 80-90, filamentous, to 12 cm long,at anthesis covered with whitish, moniliform trichomes; triads more or less regularly arranged (but often with solitary staminate flowers interspersed) on proximal ca. half or more of rachillae, and there tending to be absent from adaxial side of rachillae (paired or solitary staminate flowers only on distal ca. half of rachillae); staminate flowers not seen; pistillate flowers 3-6 mm long; calyx cupular, to 1 mm long; coroll a tubular, to 3.5 mm long, pubescent or spinulose;staminodes absent; fruits 1-1.6 cm diam., densely clustered, obovoid, prominently rostrate, orange-red,with short spinules , glabrescent; mesocarp starchy;endocarp turbinate, the pores equidistant or the sterile pores displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers few, free, terete; fruiting perianth with minute calyxand crenate corolla, irregularly split by the enlarging fruit, without staminodial ring.
    Distribution
    Eastern Panama(Colón, Darién, Panama, San Blas) and western Colombia (Antioquia, Bolívar, Chocó, Valle del Cauca); lowland rain forest at 0-300 m elevation. Eastern Panama (Colón, Darién, Panamá, San Blas) and western Colombia (Antioquia, Bolívar, Choco, Valle del Cauca); lowland rain forest at 0-300 m elevation.
    Vernacular
    Colombia: chonta durilla. Panama: alar (Kuna), caña conga.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 700 m.; Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Arbusto, árbol, palma cespitosa
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 700 m.
    [PW]
    Use
    The stems are usedfor making floors in Darien Province, Panama (Duke & Bristan 243).
    [UPB]
    Food
    Food (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Wood
    Used to make musical instruments (Linares et al. 2008).

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Panamá

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Chascaray, chontarudillo.

    Bactris barronis L.H.Bailey appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gentes Herbarum 3: 101 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000
    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Palmweb: Palms of the World Online, in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Linares, E. (1994). Inventario preliminar de las plantas utilizadas para elaborar artesanías en Colombia. Vniversitas Scientarium. Vol 2: 1-38

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/