1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris caudata H.Wendl. ex Burret

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Nicaragua to W. Panama.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Distribution and habitat. Nicaragua (Río San Juan, Zelaya), Costa Rica (Alajuela, Cartago, Heredia), and Panama (Bocas del Toro); lowland rain forest at 5-700 m elevation.
    General Description
    Stems solitary or cespitose, 1-5 m tall, 2-2.4 cm diam., spiny or not spiny on the internodes. Leaves 5-8; leaf spines scattered, black, terete, to 6.5 cm long, on sheath, petiole, and rachis; sheath 41-67 cm long; ocrea not seen; petiole 40-54 cm long; rachis to 98 cm long; pinnae 19-26 perside, irregularly arranged in clusters, spreading in different planes, linear to ovate, concave, smooth to plicate with veins prominent adaxially, long-acuminate, glaucous, dark green adaxially, paler abaxially, glabrous, with forward-or backward-pointing spinules 1-3 mm long on the margins; middle pinnae (21-)40-50 x 2.5-5 cm (apical one wider, narrowly obovate). lnflorescences interfoliar, compact; peduncle to 11 cm long, strongly recurved, sparsely to densely spiny; prophyll 5.5-8.5 cm long, 2-2.5 cm wide; peduncular bract 16-36 cm long, sparsely to densely covered with black spines; rachis 1.5-2 cm long; rachillae 18-31, 5-10 cm long, closely spaced, at anthesis densely covered with moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers not seen; pistillate flowers to 3.5 mm long; calyx cupular, 0.5 mm long; corolla tubular, 2.5-3 mm long; staminodes minute or absent; fruits 0.9-1.3 x 1-1.2 cm, borne in a tight bunch, obovoid, prominently and bluntly rostrate, orange-red, endocarp turbinate, pitted apically, the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers lacking; fruiting perianth with minute calyx and truncate to crenate corolla, without staminodial ring.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panamá

    Bactris caudata H.Wendl. ex Burret appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1950 Wendland [s.n.], Costa Rica K000526392 Unknown type material
    May 1, 1950 Wendland [s.n.], Costa Rica K000526393 Unknown type material

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 230 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0