1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris coloniata L.H.Bailey

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to Peru.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 100 m.; Pacífico.
    Habit
    Arbusto, palma cespitosa
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [PW]
    Vernacular
    Panama: signugar, uvita, uvito. Peru: kamancá, shigki, tujujinak.
    Distribution
    Disjunct between Panama-NW Colombia, W Ecuador, and E Ecuador-NE Peru (Dept. Amazonas). Distribution in Ecuador. In Ecuador it is known only from a few localities in tropical dry forest around the Jauneche forest reserve SW of Babahoyo, and from a single collection in the E lowlands. Eastern Panama (Colón, Panamá, San Blas), northwestern Colombia (Antioquia, Chaco), Ecuador (Los Rios), and Peru (Amazonas); lowland rain forest, at 20-675 m elevation.
    General Description
    Understorey palm. Stems clustered, 2.5-3 m tall, ca. 5 cm in diameter. Leaf axis with scattered, long, yellow spines; petiole ca. 1 m long; blade 175-200 cm long; pinnae 50-60 on each side, inserted in groups and spreading in different planes, the central ones 50-75 cm long and 3-6 cm wide, with asymetrical apex ending in a long tail. Inflorescence 25-50 cm long; branches ca. 25 branches, 10-12 cm long. Female flowers scattered along the branches. Fruits red to brownish red, rough, obovoid, flattened at top, strongly rostrate, 2-3 cm in diameter; fruiting perianth with calyx ca. as long as the corolla; staminodial ring absent. Stems cespitose, rarely solitary, forming open clumps, 3.5-7 m tall, 2- 5 cm diam., spiny on internodes. Leaves 5-7; leaf spines scattered, somewhat flattened, yellowish brown, darker at base and apex, to 5 cm long; sheath 27-55 cm long; sheath, petiole, and rachis reddish brown-tomentose; ocrea prominent, to 30 cm long; petiole 39-70(-108) cm long; rachis (0.4-)1.2-1.4(-2) m long; pinnae (4)-14- 23(-60) per side(or rarely leaf simple), regularly or irregularly arranged in clusters of 4-12, spreading in the same or different planes, linear-lanceolate, elliptic or slightly sigmoid, the apex long-caudate and drooping, without conspicuous cross-veins, glabrous; middle pinnae 30-75 x 2.5- 7.2 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 16-25 cm, strongly recurved, not spiny; prophyll 15-49 cm; peduncular bract (26-)42-60 cm long, densely covered with appressed, brown, flattened spines; rachis 4-10 cm long; rachillae 9-16(-25),14-25 cm long, to 3 mm diam. in fruit, densely covered at anthesis with moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers to 4 mm long; sepal lobes 1-3 mm long; petals to 4 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers 5-7 mm long; calyx urceolate, 4-6 mm long; corolla urceolate. 5-6 mm long, with minute spinules; staminodes absent; fruits 1.5-3 x 1.5-2(-3) cm, broadly obovoid, prominently rostrate, yellowish brown, covered with short brown spinules; mesocarp juicy; endocarp turbinate, the pores equidistant or the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers numerous, wiry, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with calyx only slightly shorter than the corolla, both crenulate-margined, without staminodial ring.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá, Peru

    Bactris coloniata L.H.Bailey appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gentes Herbarum 3: 106 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000
    • Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0