1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris cubensis Burret

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Cuba.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Cuba (Guantanamo, Holguin, Santiago de Cuba).
    Habitat
    Forest in lowland or hilly areas, at 500-650 m elevation
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, 2-6 m tall, 6-10 cm diam., spiny on internodes. Leaves 4-10; leaf spines scattered, black, terete, to 6 cm long, in 3 longitudinal rows on petiole or, dense on sheath, petiole and abaxial surface of rachis; sheath 25-50 cm long; ocrea not seen; petiole 30-50 cm long; rachis 1-2 m long; pinnae 50-80 per side, irregularly arranged in clusters, spreading in different planes, linear, spinulose along the margins; middle pinnae 60-74 x 2.5-3.1 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle to 25 cm long, strongly recurved, spiny; prophyll to 12 cm long; peduncular bract 26-43 cm long, densely covered with black spines to 3 cm long; rachis to 5 cm long; rachillae 26-39, 6-13 cm long, at anthesis densely covered with whitish or brownish, moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 3.5-4 mm long; sepal lobes 1.5-2 mm long; petals 3.5-4 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers 3-3.5 mm long; calyx annular, 0.5 mm long; corolla tubular, 2.53 mm long; staminodes 6, minute, digitate, or absent; fruits 1-1.5 cm diam.; globose to ovoid, rostrate, mesocarp thin, mealy, or oily; endocarp subglobose, the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers absent; fruiting perianth with entire margined calyx and longer, entire margined corolla, without staminodial ring.
    Vernacular
    Cuba: palmilla.

    Distribution

    Bactris cubensis Burret appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., ser. 3, 6(7): 25 (1929)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0