1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris dianeura Burret

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nicaragua to W. Panama.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Nicaragua (Matagalpa), Costa Rica (Alajuela, Cartago, Heredia, Limón, Puntarenas, San Jose), and Panama (ChiriquI, Veraguas).Premontane rain forest between 600 and 1650 m elevation.
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, forming small clumps of 2-8 stems, 2-5(-10) m tall, 1-3 cm diam., spiny on internodes. Leaves 5-7; leaf spines scattered, black or brown (sometimes reddish) and then darker at apex, terete or sometimes somewhat flattened, to 6.5 cm long, on sheath, lateral surfaces of petiole, and abaxial surface or rachis; sheath 17-45 or more cm long, sheath, petiole, and rachis whitish or brownish tomentose, spinulose; ocrea to 8 cm long; petiole 26-80 cm long; rachis 58-90(-125) cm long, with few spines to ca. 7.5 cm long; pinnae 14-20 per side, irregularly arranged in clusters of 2-3, lanceolate to oblanceolate, obscurely to clearly cross-veined, with spinules to ca. 6 mm long on margins; middle pinnae 26-44(-56) x (1.4-)2.7-4.5(-6.3) cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 6-12.5 cm long, recurved, spiny; prophyll 10-11 cm long; peduncular bract to 26 cm long, densely covered with yellowish brown to black spines to 2 cm long; rachis 1.6-3.4 cm long; rachillae 7-17, 4.3-11 cm long, densely covered at anthesis with moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 3-4 mm long; sepal lobes 1-1.5 mm long; petals 3-4 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers 3.5-5.5 mm long; calyx cupular, 1-2 mm long; corolla tubular, 3-5 mm long; staminodes 1-3, minute;fruits 1.2-1.8 x 1.2-1.7 cm, subglobose or usually obovoid, prominently rostrate, bright orange; mesocarp starchy; endocarp turbinate, the sterile pores slightly displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers few or absent; fruiting perianth with minute calyx and longer corolla, irregularly split at apex by enlarging fruit, without staminodial ring.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panamá

    Bactris dianeura Burret appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 217 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0