1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris ferruginea Burret

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Brazil.

    [PW]
    Habitat
    Lowland rain forest, gaps, or forest margins, on non-flooded soils, at 50-200 m elevation.
    Vernacular
    Brazil: brejaubinha-de-espinoamarelo, mané veio, mané velho, tucum.
    Distribution
    Atlantic coastal forest of Brazil (Bahia, Espfrito Santo, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco).
    General Description
    Stems cespitose, rarely solitary, 2.5-10 m tall, 4-10 cm diam., spiny on internodes. Leaves 5-12; leaf spines somewhat clustered, black, brown or rarely yellowish, slightly flattened, to 6 cm long, dense on sheath, on lateral surfaces or in 3 longitudinal rows on petiole, fewer on rachis; sheath 25-31 cm long; ocrea not seen; petiole 20-88 cm long; rachis 1.1-2.4 m long; pinnae 25-54 per side, irregularly arranged, spreading in different planes, sigmoid; middle pinnae 35-76 x 2-8 cm. lnflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 8-33 cm long, recurved, not spiny; prophyll 25-28 cm long; peduncular bract 30-75 cm long, sparsely to moderately covered with brownish or yellowish spines to 1.5 cm long; rachis 25-43 cm long; rachillae 17-49, 8-29 cm long, at anthesis densely covered with moniliform trichomes; triads irregularly arranged among paired or solitary staminate flowers; staminate flowers 4-5 mm long; sepal lobes 1.5-2.5 mm long; petals 4-5 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers to 6 mm long; calyx cupular, 1 mm long; corolla tubular, 3-5 mm long; staminodes minute or absent; fruits 1.3-2 cm diam., depressed-globose, briefly rostrate, purple-black; mesocarp juicy; endocarp depressed-oblong, the pores displaced longitudinally; endocarp fibers numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with minute calyx and truncate corolla, without staminodial ring.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast

    Bactris ferruginea Burret appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 222 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0