1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris gastoniana Barb.Rodr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Guianas to N. Brazil.

    [PW]
    Habitat
    Lowland rain forest on terra firme, at 87-500 m elevation.
    General Description
    Stems solitary or cespitose, subterranean or aerial and then 5-60 cm tall, 0.8-2 cm diam., covered with persistent, decaying leaf bases. Leaves 4-8; leaf spines widely scattered, black, terete, to 5 cm long, on sheath, petiole, and proximal part of rachis, sometimes absent; sheath 11-20 cm long, persistent, fibrous at apex, sheath, petiole and rachis brown-tomentose; ocrea to 10 cm long; petiole 40-75 cm long; rachis 45-55 cm long; pinnae 8-11 per side, irregularly arranged in clusters of 2-4, spreading in different planes or more or less in the same plane, sigmoid, aristate, minutely spiny on the margins; middle pinnae 19-28 x 2.5-4 cm. Inflorescences interfoliar; peduncle 13-20 cm long, straight, spiny or not spiny; prophyll 9-12 cm long; peduncular bract 16-25 cm long, densely covered with black or brown spines to 1.5 cm long, glabrescent; rachis absent; rachilla 1, 3-4 cm long; triads regularly arranged; staminate flowers to 1 cm long, persistent; sepal lobes to 1.5 cm long; petals to 1 cm long; stamens not seen; pistillate flowers to 6 mm long; calyx urceolate, to 3 mm long; corolla urceolate, to 6 mm long, spinulose; staminodial ring adnate to corolla; fruits 2.5-3 x 1.5-2 cm, densely crowded, ellipsoid or widely ovoid, purple-black; mesocarp juicy; endocarp ellipsoid, the sterile pores displaced longitudinally, the fertile pore displaced latitudinally; endocarp fibers free, numerous, with juice sacs attached; fruiting perianth with small calyx and tubular, many-lobed corolla, with staminodial ring.
    Vernacular
    Brazil: marajá. French Guiana: anuya wili (Wayâpi). Suriname: hanaimaka, naimacca, tamutubë (Trio).
    Distribution
    Central and eastern Amazon region in Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil (Amapa, Amazonas, Pará).

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, French Guiana, Suriname

    Bactris gastoniana Barb.Rodr. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Vellosia 1: 40 (1888)

    Accepted by

    • Lorenzi, H., Noblick, L.R., Kahn, F. & Ferreira, E. (2010). Brazilian Flora Arecaceae (Palms): 1-268. Instituto Plantarum de Estudos da Flora LTDA, São Paulo, Brazil.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0