1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Bactris Jacq. ex Scop.
      1. Bactris schultesii (L.H.Bailey) Glassman

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Peru.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 120 - 1200 m.; Amazonia, Andes.
    Habit
    Subarbusto, palma cespitosa
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [PW]
    Distribution
    Colombia (Caqueutá, Putumayo), Ecuador (Napo, Sucumbíos), and Peru (Amazonas, Loreto); lowland rain forest on terra firme, at 180-1150 m. S Colombia and Ecuador E of the Andes, on terra firme.
    General Description
    Stems solitary or cespitose, 0.8-1.5 m tall, 0.7-1.7 cm diam., not spiny. Leaves 5- 9; leaf spines absent (except at apex of lobes); sheath 7-12 cm long; ocrea to 2 cm long; petiole 8-15 cm long; rachis 10-37 cm long; blade simple (less often pinnale with a few, proximal pinnae), usually oblong, bifid, with small spines distally on margins; blade 21-64 cm long and 7-35 cm wide at apex of rachis. Inflorescences interfoliar but appearing infrafoliar because exserted through leaf sheath; peduncle 2-5 cm long, recurved, strongly flattened, not spiny; prophyll 2-7 cm long; peduncular bract 7-13 cm long, usually not spiny or rarely spiny distally, whitish or brownish tomentose, erect at anthesis and forming an angle of ca. 300 with stem; rachis 0-0.5(-1.8) cm long; rachillae 3- 5(-7), 1-5 cm long, at anthesis covered with moniliform trichomes and whitish brown tomentum; triads regularly arranged almost throughout rachillae; staminate flowers 3-3.5 mm long; sepal lobes to 1 mm long; petals 3-3.5 mm long; stamens 6; pistillode absent; pistillate flowers to 2.5 mm long; calyx tubular, 2-2.5 mm long; corolla tubular, 2-2.5 mm long; staminodes absent; fruits 0.7-1 cm diam., globose, rostrate, red or 141 orange; mesocarp starchy; endocarp obovoid, markedly pitted, the pores equally spaced; endocarp fibers absent; fruiting perianth with deeply 3-lobed calyx as long as the deeply 3-lobed corolla, without staminodial ring. Understorey palm. Stems solitary or clustered, 1-3 m tall, thin, 0.5-1.5 cm in diameter, unarmed. Leaf blade simple, bifid, 30-65 cm long, and 15-35 cm wide, without spines except for minute bristles along the margin; rachis 20-40 cm long. Inflorescences 5-13 cm long; branches 3-7 branches, to 5 cm long. Peduncular bract glabrous. Female flowers scattered along the branches, with a tubular calyx enclosing the corolla. Fruit red, globose, ca. 1 cm in diameter, smooth; fruiting perianth with a 3-lobed calyx as long as the 3-lobed corolla; staminodial ring absent.
    Conservation
    Lower risk/least concern (Borchsenius & Skov 1999).
    Vernacular
    Ecuador: chonta duro de tintin , hua-so-e-ne (Siona), wa-tos-uné (Siona). Peru: uwinim , uyainim.
    [PW]
    Use
    Scrapings from the stem are used to stuff gun cartridges (Siona, Ecuador) (Balslev et al. 62052).

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

    Bactris schultesii (L.H.Bailey) Glassman appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Rhodora 65: 259 (1963)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A.J., Bactris (Palmae) in Flora Neotropica Monographs 79. 2000
    • Borchsenius F., Borgtoft-Pedersen H. and Baslev H. 1998. Manual to the Palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0