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This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to SE. & S. Brazil and S. South America.
Lepidium bonariense

[FZ]

Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herb up to about 50 cm. tall with a single, erect rather sparsely and minutely pubescent stem.
Morphology Leaves
Lower cauline leaves up to about 7 cm. long, pinnatipartite to bipinnatipartite, petiolate, pubescent; upper leaves pinnatipartite to subentire with 2.4 acute teeth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-white at first, pedicellate, pedicels 1–2 mm. long, in dense corymbose racemes elongating later until up to 17 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals c. 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals minute, less than 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Silicule up to 3.5 x 2.8 mm., broadly elliptic to suborbicular, slightly winged at the apex and clearly emarginate with the remains of the style included in the emargination.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.5 x 0.9 mm., orange-brown, flattened-ellipsoid, with a narrow hyaline margin.

[FTEA]

Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Annual to perennial herb, with taproot (in older plants thick) and 1–several stems.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect or ascending, 20–70 cm. tall, branching in the upper parts, puberulous with nearly linear straight to recurved hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Basal and lower cauline leaves 4–7 cm. long, bi- to tripinnatipartite with very narrow almost linear lobes, entire or dentate to serrate; upper leaves like the basal ones, or indistinctly petioled, attenuate, narrowly elliptic in outline, pinnate to pinnatifid with linear to lanceolate, coarsely serrate lobes (uppermost leaves even undivided, nearly linear, serrate to entire); all leaves thin, moderately to sparsely puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes terminal, with minute greenish flowers, in fruit dense, up to 15 cm. long; pedicels 2.5–5.5 mm., ascending to spreading, curved, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ± 1 mm. long, ovate, green with membranous margins and scattered hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals shorter than sepals or absent, almost linear, usually 0.5–0.8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2 (median); filaments basally bulbiform, at each side with cylindrical to obtusely triangular nectarial glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary circular, emarginate, with almost sessile stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Siliculae suborbicular, 2.8–4 mm. long, 2.5–3 mm. broad, widely and deeply emarginate; style very short, with stigma completely within the sinus, usually close to its bottom.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with a narrow hyaline wing, light red-brown, 1.4–1.8 mm. long, ± 0.9 mm. broad.
Figures
Fig. 5/2, p. 18.
Habitat
Around settlements, roadsides, waste places, etc.; 1500–2000 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 T2 T3 T7 U2 native of S. America (Argentina, Uruguay, Brasil, Paraguay, Chile), spreading as a cosmopolitan weedin Africa recorded also from Ethiopia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and southern Africa

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Chile Central, Chile North, Juan Fernández Is., Paraguay, Uruguay

Introduced into:

Albania, Belgium, Botswana, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Easter Is., France, Free State, Germany, Hawaii, Hungary, Italy, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madeira, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Norway, Queensland, Spain, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Uganda, Victoria, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Lepidium bonariense L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 645 (1753)

Accepted by

  • (1982). Flora of Australia 8: 1-420. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Al-Shehbaz, I.A. (2010). A synopsis of the South American Lepidium (Brassicaceae) Darwiniana 48: 141-167.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Jalas, J., Suominen, J. & Lampinen, R. (eds.) (1996). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 11: 1-310.
  • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
  • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Morat, P. (ed.) (1997). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 21: 1-121. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zizka, G. (1991). Flowering plants of Easter island Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (1982). Flora of Australia 8: 1-420. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Al-Shehbaz, I.A. (2010). A synopsis of the South American Lepidium (Brassicaceae) Darwiniana 48: 141-167.
  • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Jalas, J., Suominen, J. & Lampinen, R. (eds.) (1996). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 11: 1-310.
  • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
  • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
  • Morat, P. (ed.) (1997). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 21: 1-121. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zizka, G. (1991). Flowering plants of Easter island Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew & Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 95 (1974).
  • Binns, Check-list Fl. Malawi 1: 42 (1968).
  • Boelcke in Darwiniana 13: 524 (1964).
  • C.L. Hitchc. in Lilloa 11: 102 (1945).
  • Exell & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 11: 6 (1973).
  • Exell in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 190, fig. 29/B1 (1960).
  • Henderson & Anderson in Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Afr. 37: 156, fig. 77/b (1966).
  • Jonsell in Bot. Notis. 128: 44, fig. 1/K, 3/J, 4/L, 6/B, 8/H (1975).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 645 (1753).
  • Marais in Flora of Southern Africa 13: 93 (1970).
  • Thell., Die Gattung Lepidium : 256 (1906).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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