1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Benthamia A.Rich.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is W. Indian Ocean.

    [O-EM]
    Ecology

    Benthamia species are terrestrial orchids in cool forest, deep shade on the forest floor, woodlands, montane grassland, grassland, seasonal marshes and ericaceous scrub, and on granite outcrops; sea level to 2600 m. A few species can be epiphytic. They flower between August and October (D. L. Roberts, personal communication). (PC, RN).

    General Description

    Terrestrial or less commonly epiphytic glabrous herbs with 2-7 swollen elongate roots. Stems erect, leafy in lower part. Leaves 1-several, basal or radical, lanceolate, ovate or elliptic, if radical then sheathing at base. Inflorescence erect, few- to densely many-flowered; bracts small, usually as long as or longer than the flowers. Flowers small, whitish, green or yellow, resupinate. Sepals and petals subsimilar, free, entire, not spreading widely. Labellum larger than the sepals and petals, sometimes entire, more often trilobed, lacking a callus; spur short, cylindrical or scrotiform, entire or bilobed at apex. Colulumn short, erect; anther bilocular, locules parallel; pollinia two, granular, lacking caudicles, viscidia two, flat, ovate or subelliptic; rostellum small, tridentate or trilobed; stigma lobes short, convex. (PC).

    Distribution

    A genus of about 25 species endemic to Madagascar and the Mascarenes. (PC).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion

    Benthamia A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pettersson [203], Madagascar 55118.000
    Humbert, H. [25.402], Madagascar K000718257
    Humbert, H. [30055], Madagascar K000718259
    Roberts, D.L. [125], Madagascar 76706.000
    Roberts, D.L. [114], Madagascar 76705.000
    Turk, D. [722], Madagascar 72273.000
    Roberts, D. [125 or 126], Madagascar 78071.000
    Tamatave, M. [7694], Madagascar K000718258
    Roberts, D.L.R. [119 or 120], Madagascar 78072.000

    First published in Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 37 (1828)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2001). Orchidoideae (Part 1) Genera Orchidacearum 2: 1-416. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Orchideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved